Grasses, Legumes, and Forage Crops

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Grasses, Legumes, and Forage Crops merit badge has been discontinued. (See discontinued merit badges.)

Grasses, Legumes and Forage Crops merit badge
Status: Discontinued BSA Advancement ID: n/a
Created: 1938 Origin: new in 1938
Replaced in: 1958 Replaced by: Forage Crops


Grasses, Legumes, and Forage Crops requirements at discontinuation

Meet three out of five requirements as indicated in each of the four divisions, or a total of twelve requirements out of the twenty.

Grasses - Any three

1. Show samples of five kinds of perennial grasses and explain their uses for feed purposes, soil conservation, and control of erosion.
2. Show how to prepare a seed bed for a lawn, pasture or meadow.
3. Show:
(a) samples of three annual grasses used both for hay and pastures;
(b) samples of three largesee grasses, explaining the practical uses of each.
4. Make a blotter, plate or rag doll seed tester and show how to use in testing seeds for vitality.
5. (a) Make a exhibit of six of the most important grasses common to his locality. Identify and explain use of each; (b) explain the differences between "bunch grasses" and "sod-forming" grasses and their uses.

Legumes - Any three including Requirement 1 or 3

1. Show samples and name the five most important legume crops grown in his section.
2. Name three small seed legumes, and three large seed legumes. Explain use of these for feed, soil conservation, cash crop, and for maintaining soil moisture.
3. Show how to fertilize, lime, prepare seed, bed, seed and manage a crop of legumes grown in his locality.
4. Explain:
(a) how legumes, such as soy beans, cow peas, alfalfa and clover may be used to build soil fertility and control erosion;
(b) under what conditions legumes deplete the soil.
5. Explain:
(a) what is meant by inoculation of legumes;
(b) how this is done, and why it is important.

Pastures - Any three including Requirement 3 or 5

1. Explain the best method for improvement of old pastures, and how to manage and maintain pasture fertility in his section.
2. Explain under what conditions grasses, legumes and hay fields may be used for pastures.
3. Make an exhibit or collection of five poisonous or undesirable grasses and weeds which are injurious to pastures or poisonous to livestock.
4. Explain from personal observation how cows, horses, and sheep differ in their grazing methods or habits.
5. Prepare an exibit of at least five pasture grasses, showing whole plant, with stem, leaf, flower and seed.

Hay Crops - Any three

1. Explain how grasses such as legumes and grain crops may be used for hay or feed for livestock and wild game.
2. Give directions on how to store hay crops safely in barns, stacks, sheds, and in bales. Explain how to prevent hay barn fires and combustion.
3. Make a mounted exhibit of five kinds of properly cured hay crops; explain the qualities of "succulent" or "well-cured" hay.
4. Show samples of not less than two kinds of hay crops best suited to different live stock, such as dairy cows, horses, sheep, deer and beef cattle.
5. Show how to operate one hay-making machine and one hand tool; name five tools and machines used for hay-making in his locality; explain the purpose of each.


Comply with the 4-H Club or Home Project Requirements in Grasses, Legumes and Forage Crops.

Boy Scout Requirements, ({{{1}}}) Edition The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Handbook for Boys, 1948 Edition

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Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


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