Weather

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(Notes: 1. This badge is one of the elective merit badges of the William T. Hornaday Awards for Boy Scouts.)
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|field= Natural Science
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|id= 116
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|quote=Meteorology is the study of Earth's atmosphere and its weather and the ways in which temperature, wind, and moisture act together in the environment. In addition to learning how everyday weather is predicted, Scouts can learn about extreme weather such as thunderstorms, tornadoes, and hurricanes, and how to stay safe.
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{{Merit Badge introduction}}
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{{Hornaday Merit Badge}}
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== Merit badge requirements ==
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{{reqs||merit badge }}
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:1. Define meteorology. Explain what weather is and what climate is. Discuss how the weather affects farmers, sailors, aviators, and the outdoor construction industry. Tell why weather forecasts are important to each of these groups.
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== Notes ==
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:2. Name five dangerous weather-related conditions. Give the safety rules for each when outdoors and explain the difference between a severe weather watch and a warning. Discuss the safety rules with your family.
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:3. Explain the difference between high and low pressure systems in the atmo­sphere. Tell which is related to good and to poor weather. Draw cross sections of a cold front and a warm front, showing the location and movements of the cold and warm air, the frontal slope, the location and types of clouds associated with each type of front, and the location of precipitation.
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:4. Tell what causes wind, why it rains, and how lightning and hail are formed.
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:5. Identify and describe clouds in the low, middle, and upper levels of the atmosphere. Relate these to specific types of weather.
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{{Merit Badge Notes}}
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:6. Draw a diagram of the water cycle and label its major processes. Explain the water cycle to your counselor.
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{{SummerCampMeritBadge}}
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:7. Define acid rain. Identify which human activities pollute the atmosphere and the effects such pollution can have on people.
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# Weather merit badge is on the Sea Scout [[Quartermaster Award]] required list (requirement 14).
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:8. Do ONE of the following:
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<br>
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::a. Make one of the following instruments: wind vane, anemometer, rain gauge, hygrometer. Keep a daily weather log for one week using information from this instrument as well as from other sources such as local radio and television stations, NOAA Weather Radio, and Internet sources (with your parent's permission). Record the following information at the same time every day: wind direction and speed, temperature, precipitation, and types of clouds. Be sure to make a note of any morning dew or frost. In the log, also list the weather forecasts from radio or television at the same time each day and show how the weather really turned out.
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::b. Visit a National Weather Service office or talk with a local radio or television weathercaster, private meteorologist, local agricultural extension service officer, or university meteorology instructor. Find out what type of weather is most dangerous or damaging to your community. Determine how severe weather and flood warnings reach the homes in your community.
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:9. Do ONE of the following:
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::a. Give a talk of at least five minutes to a group (such as your unit or a Cub Scout pack) explaining the outdoor safety rules in the event of lightning, flash floods, and tornadoes. Before your talk, share your outline with your counselor for approval.
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::b. Read several articles about acid rain and give a prepared talk of at least five minutes to a group (such as your unit or a Cub Scout pack) about the articles. Before your talk, share your outline with your counselor for approval.
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:10. Find out about a weather-related career opportunity that interests you. Discuss with and explain to your counselor what training and education are required for such a position, and the responsibilities required of such a position.
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''Source: 2007 Boy Scout Requirements (33215)''
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== Requirement resources ==
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{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
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== Notes ==
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'''All. Numerous resources and a lesson plan for instructing the Weather merit badge can be found at the NOAA web site link [http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/educ/scouts.shtml Materials Needed for Weather Merit Badge Lesson Plan]'''
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1. This badge is one of the elective merit badges of the [[William T. Hornaday Awards (Boy Scouting)|William T. Hornaday Awards for Boy Scouts]].
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== Help with these requirements ==
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'''All. [[Media:Weather_Merit_Badge--A_concise_study_guide.pdf|A Concise Study Guide for the Weather Merit Badge]] {{PDF}} &mdash; Jay R. Stockton (Senior Forecaster, [http://www.nws.noaa.gov National Weather Service])'''
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== External links ==
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'''All. [[Media:A_Concise_Guide_to_the_Weather_Merit_Badge_-_Powerpoint_Version_converted_to_.pdf|Powerpoint Version of the Concise Study Guide converted to .pdf format]] {{PDF}} &mdash; Jay R. Stockton (Senior Forecaster, [http://www.nws.noaa.gov National Weather Service])'''
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[http://www.weather.com Weather.com]
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'''1.''' [http://www.theweatherchannelkids.com/weather_ed/weather_encyclopedia/ The Weather.com Encyclopedia] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meteorology Wikipedia: Meteorology]
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weather Wikipedia: Weather] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate Wikipedia: Climate]<br>
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'''2.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thunderstorm Thunderstorm] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tornado Tornado] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropical_cyclone Wikipedia: Hurricane] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blizzard Wikipedia: Blizzard] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fog Wikipedia: Fog] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freezing_rain Freezing rain] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snow Snow] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_storm Ice storm] <br>
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'''3.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Low_pressureWikipedia: Low Pressure] – [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_pressure_area High Pressure]
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: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weather_front Wikipedia: Weather front] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cold_front Wikipedia: Cold front] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warm_front Wikipedia: Warm front]
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'''4.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wind Wikipedia: wind] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rain Wikipedia: rain] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lightning Wikipedia: Lightning] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hail Hail] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heat_lightning Heat lightning] - [http://www.lightning.org Lightning.org]<br>
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'''5.''' [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1712_weather-predict.htm Lesson Video: How To Predict The Weather] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Featured_pictures/Natural_phenomena/Weather Weather Photos]<br>
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'''6.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_cycle Wikipedia: Water cycle]<br>
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'''7.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acid_rain Wikipedia: Acid rain] <br>
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'''8a.''' The Weather Log you need is included in the [[Media:{{PAGENAMEE}}.pdf|{{PAGENAME}} Worksheet]].
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: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weather_instrument Wikipedia: Weather Instruments] - [http://www.accuweather.com/ AccuWeather] <br>
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'''8b.''' [http://www.nws.noaa.gov/ NOAA Weather Service] - [http://www.legislative.noaa.gov/NIYS0107/noaainyourstate.html NOAA In Your State] - [http://www.weather.gov/organization.php Weather Forecast Offices] - [http://www.ncep.noaa.gov/ National Weather Centers]<br>
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'''9a.''' [http://www.weather.gov/safety.php Weather Safety] - [http://www.lightningsafety.noaa.gov/outdoors.htm National Weather Service: Lightning Safety] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lightning_safety Lightning safety] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lightning_rod Lightning rod]<br>
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'''9b.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acid_rain Wikipedia: Acid rain] - [http://www.epa.gov/acidrain/ EPA: Acid Rain] - [http://bqs.usgs.gov/AcidRain/ USGS: Acid Rain] - [http://www.acidrain.org/ AcidRain.org] - [http://www.sciencedaily.com/news/earth_climate/acid_rain/ Acid Rain News]
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[http://science.howstuffworks.com/acid-rain.htm How Acid Rain Works] - [http://www.nationalcenter.org/tp25.htm Myths and Facts: Acid Rain]<br>
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'''10.''' [http://www.weather.gov/careers.php Careers at NOAA] - [http://www.nwas.org/links/career_info.php Weather Careers] - [http://www.ametsoc.org/atmoscareers/index.html Career Guide] <br>
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9a: [http://www.lightningsafety.noaa.gov/outdoors.htm National Weather Service: Lightning Outdoors]
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== Related awards ==
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<!-- Note similarities with other award requirements here such as: -->
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<!-- * [[other award]] requirement ## -->
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'''Science Awards''' (Meteorology is an applied science)
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{{Science Award Links}}
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;Camping and Outdoor Skills Award Links
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{{Camping Award Links}}
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9b: [http://www.nationalcenter.org/tp25.htm Myths and Facts about the Environment: Acid Rain] From the National Center for Public Policy Research
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== See also ==
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{{Merit Badge See also}}
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9b: [http://blog.acton.org/archives/1870-Environmental-Stewardship-News-Round-Up.html Environmental Stewardship News]
 
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== External links ==
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* [http://www.weather.com Weather.com]
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[[Category:Boy Scouts]] [[Category:Merit Badges]]
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{{Quartermaster rank Required Merit Badges navbox}}

Revision as of 20:35, October 23, 2012

Resources include the Weather merit badge worksheet Adobe Acrobat PDF, links, and cross-references to related badges and awards.  Prev  -  Next  

This is the Weather merit badge for Boy Scouts, Varsity Scouts, and Venturers.
Cub Scouts and Webelos Scouts can earn the Cub Scout Weather belt loop and pin.
Weather requires prior counselor approval for requirement(s) #9a and 9b.


Weather merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1927
Discontinued: no
BSA Advancement ID: 116
Requirements revision: 2007
Latest pamphlet revision: 2008

Contents

Meteorology is the study of Earth's atmosphere and its weather and the ways in which temperature, wind, and moisture act together in the environment. In addition to learning how everyday weather is predicted, Scouts can learn about extreme weather such as thunderstorms, tornadoes, and hurricanes, and how to stay safe.


Weather is one of the elective merit badges for the William T. Hornaday awards for Boy Scouts and Varsity Scouts.


Weather merit badge requirements

  1. Define meteorology. Explain what weather is and what climate is. Discuss how the weather affects farmers, sailors, aviators, and the outdoor construction industry. Tell why weather forecasts are important to each of these groups.
  2. Name five dangerous weather-related conditions. Give the safety rules for each when outdoors and explain the difference between a severe weather watch and a warning. Discuss the safety rules with your family.
  3. Explain the difference between high and low pressure systems in the atmo­sphere. Tell which is related to good and to poor weather. Draw cross sections of a cold front and a warm front, showing the location and movements of the cold and warm air, the frontal slope, the location and types of clouds associated with each type of front, and the location of precipitation.
  4. Tell what causes wind, why it rains, and how lightning and hail are formed.
  5. Identify and describe clouds in the low, middle, and upper levels of the atmosphere. Relate these to specific types of weather.
  6. Draw a diagram of the water cycle and label its major processes. Explain the water cycle to your counselor.
  7. Identify some human activities that can alter the environment, and describe how they affect the climate and people.
  8. Describe how the tilt of Earth's axis helps determine the climate of a region near the equator, near the poles, and across the area in between.
  9. Do ONE of the following:
    a. Make one of the following instruments: wind vane, anemometer, rain gauge, hygrometer. Keep a daily weather log for one week using information from this instrument as well as from other sources such as local radio and television stations, NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards, and Internet sources (with your parent's permission). Record the following information at the same time every day: wind direction and speed, temperature, precipitation, and types of clouds. Be sure to make a note of any morning dew or frost. In the log, also list the weather forecasts from radio or television at the same time each day and show how the weather really turned out.
    b. Visit a National Weather Service office or talk with a local radio or television weathercaster, private meteorologist, local agricultural extension service officer, or university meteorology instructor. Find out what type of weather is most dangerous or damaging to your community. Determine how severe weather and flood warnings reach the homes in your community.
  10. Do ONE of the following:
    a. Give a talk of at least five minutes to a group (such as your unit or a Cub Scout pack) explaining the outdoor safety rules in the event of lightning, flash floods, and tornadoes. Before your talk, share your outline with your counselor for approval.
    b. Read several articles about acid rain and give a prepared talk of at least five minutes to a group (such as your unit or a Cub Scout pack) about the articles. Before your talk, share your outline with your counselor for approval.
  11. Find out about a weather-related career opportunity that interests you. Discuss with and explain to your counselor what training and education are required for such a position, and the responsibilities required of such a position.
The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2014 Edition (BSA Supply No. 33216 - SKU# 619576)

The text of these requirements is locked and can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Weather is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Weather requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks,
Webelos workbooks, and Cub Scout workbooks.
  1. Weather is a popular summer camp merit badge.
  2. Weather merit badge is on the Sea Scout Quartermaster Award required list (requirement 14).


Requirement resources

All. Numerous resources and a lesson plan for instructing the Weather merit badge can be found at the NOAA web site link Materials Needed for Weather Merit Badge Lesson Plan

All. A Concise Study Guide for the Weather Merit Badge Adobe Acrobat PDF — Jay R. Stockton (Senior Forecaster, National Weather Service)

All. Powerpoint Version of the Concise Study Guide converted to .pdf format Adobe Acrobat PDF — Jay R. Stockton (Senior Forecaster, National Weather Service)

1. The Weather.com Encyclopedia - Wikipedia: Meteorology Wikipedia: Weather - Wikipedia: Climate
2. Thunderstorm - Tornado - Wikipedia: Hurricane - Wikipedia: Blizzard - Wikipedia: Fog - Freezing rain - Snow - Ice storm
3. Low PressureHigh Pressure

Wikipedia: Weather front - Wikipedia: Cold front - Wikipedia: Warm front

4. Wikipedia: wind - Wikipedia: rain - Wikipedia: Lightning - Hail - Heat lightning - Lightning.org
5. Lesson Video: How To Predict The Weather - Weather Photos
6. Wikipedia: Water cycle
7. Wikipedia: Acid rain
8a. The Weather Log you need is included in the Weather Worksheet.

Wikipedia: Weather Instruments - AccuWeather

8b. NOAA Weather Service - NOAA In Your State - Weather Forecast Offices - National Weather Centers
9a. Weather Safety - National Weather Service: Lightning Safety - Lightning safety - Lightning rod
9b. Wikipedia: Acid rain - EPA: Acid Rain - USGS: Acid Rain - AcidRain.org - Acid Rain News How Acid Rain Works - Myths and Facts: Acid Rain
10. Careers at NOAA - Weather Careers - Career Guide

Related awards

Science Awards (Meteorology is an applied science)

Science-related awards
Camping and Outdoor Skills Award Links
Outdoor-related awards

See also

Boy Scout portal
Varsity Scout portal
Venturing portal
General Merit Badge information


External links

Personal tools
language