Soil and Water Conservation

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[[Image:2640c.gif|thumb|Soil and Water Conservation]]
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{{Merit Badge header|Snow Sports|Space Exploration}}
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{{MeritBadgePriorApproval|7f}}
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<br>
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== Merit badge requirements ==
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{{Infobox_MeritBadge_Green
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|name= Soil and Water Conservation
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|image= 2640c.gif
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|caption= Soil and Water Conservation
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|subject= Soil and Water Conservation
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|status= Elective
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|created= 1952
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|discontinued= N/A
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|requirements revision= 2005
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|pamphlet revision= 2008
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|field = Conservation
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|id = 106
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|quote=Conservation isn't just the responsibility of soil and plant scientists, hydrologists, wildlife managers, landowners, and the forest or mine owner alone. It is the duty of every person to learn more about the natural resources on which our lives depend so that we can help make sure that these resources are used intelligently and cared for properly.
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}}
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<br>
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{{Merit Badge introduction}}
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{{World Conservation Award Merit Badge|elective|,}} {{Hornaday Merit Badge|and}}
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:1. Do the following:
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::a. Tell what soil is. Tell how it is formed.
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::b. Describe three kinds of soil. Tell how they are different.
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::c. Name the three main plant nutrients in fertile soil. Tell how they can be put back when used up.
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<!-- under the Discussion tab at the top of this page. -->
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:2. Do the following:
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::a. Define soil erosion.
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{{reqs||merit badge }}
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::b. Tell why soil conservation is important. Tell how it affects you.
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::c. Name three kinds of soil erosion. Describe each.
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::d. Take pictures of or draw two kinds of soil erosion.
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:3. Do the following:
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::a. Tell what is meant by "conservation practices".
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::b. Describe the effect of three kinds of erosion-control practices.
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::c. Take pictures of or draw three kinds of erosion-control practices.
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:4. Do the following:
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::a. Explain what a watershed is.
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::b. Outline the smallest watershed that you can find on a contour map.
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::c. Outline, as far as the map will allow, the next larger watershed which also has the smaller one in it.
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::d. Explain what a river basin is. Tell why all people living in a river basin should be concerned about land and water use in the basin.
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:5. Do the following:
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::a. Make a drawing to show the hydrologic cycle.
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::b. Demonstrate at least two of the following actions of water in relation to the soil: percolation, capillary action, precipitation, evaporation, transpiration.
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::c. Explain how removal of vegetation will affect the way water runs off a watershed.
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::d. Tell how uses of forest, range, and farmland affect usable water supply.
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::e. Explain how industrial use affects water supply.
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:6. Do the following:
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::a. Tell what is meant by water pollution.
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::b. Describe common sources of water pollution and explain the effects of each.
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::c. Tell what is meant by "primary water treatment," "secondary waste treatment," and "biochemical oxygen demand."
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::d. Make a drawing showing the principles of complete waste treatment.
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:7. Do TWO of the following:
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::a. Make a trip to two of the following places. Write a report of more than 500 words about the soil and water and energy conservation practices you saw.
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:::1. An agricultural experiment.
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:::2. A managed forest or a woodlot, range, or pasture.
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:::3. A wildlife refuge or a fish or game management area.
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:::4. A conservation-managed farm or ranch.
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:::5. A managed watershed.
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:::6. A waste-treatment plant.
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:::7. A public drinking water treatment plant.
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:::8. An industry water-use installation.
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:::9. A desalinization plant.
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::b. Plant 100 trees, bushes and/or vines for a good purpose.
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::c. Seed an area of at least one-fifth acre for some worthwhile conservation purposes, using suitable grasses or legumes alone or in a mixture.
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::d. Study a soil survey report. Describe the things in it. Using tracing paper and pen, trace over any of the soil maps, and outline an area with three or more different kinds of soil. List each kind of soil by full name and map symbol.
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::e. Make a list of places in your neighborhood, camps, school ground, or park having erosion, sedimentation, or pollution problems. Describe how these could be corrected through individual or group action.
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::f. Carry out any other soil and water conservation project approved by your merit badge counselor.
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''Source: 2007 Boy Scout Requirements (33215)''
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== Notes ==
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{{Merit Badge Notes}}
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{{SummerCampMeritBadge}}
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== Notes ==
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== Requirement resources ==
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<!-- Answers, cheatsheets, and answer keys will be removed. -->
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{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
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*'''1a''': [http://school.discoveryeducation.com/schooladventures/soil/down_dirty.html What's the Difference Between Soil and Dirt?]
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*'''2''': [http://soilerosion.net/ The Soil Erosion Site]
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*'''3''': [http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Technical/Standards/nhcp.html National Conservation Practice Standards]
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*'''4''': [http://www.watershedatlas.org/fs_indexwater.html What is a Watershed?] From the Watershed Atlas.
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*'''5a:''' [http://www.und.edu/instruct/eng/fkarner/pages/cycle.htm The Hydrologic/Water Cycle] From the University of North Dakota's Earthscape Project.
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*'''5b:''' [http://en.mimi.hu/gardening/capillary_action.html Capillary Action]
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*'''5b:''' [http://www.septicseep.com/soil_percolation.htm Soil Percolation]
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*'''6:''' [http://www.lenntech.com/water-pollution-FAQ.htm Water Pollution FAQs]
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*'''6c:''' [http://www.fivecreeks.org/monitor/bod.html Water Quality Monitor: Biochemical Oxygen Demand]
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*'''6c/d:''' [http://ohioline.osu.edu/aex-fact/0768.html Wastewater Treatment Principles and Regulations]
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*'''7d''': [http://soils.usda.gov/survey/how_to/ How to Use a Soil Survey] From the USDA's Natural Resources Conversation Service.
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== Help with these requirements ==
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== Related awards ==
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<!-- Note similarities with other award requirements here such as: -->
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<!-- * [[other award]] requirement ## -->
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{{Ecology Awards Links}}
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== External links ==
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== See also ==
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{{Merit Badge See also}}
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[[Category:Boy Scouts]] [[Category:Merit Badges]]
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== External links ==
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PlantTalk Colorado http://www.ext.colostate.edu/ptlk/
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*[http://www.scouting.org/boyscouts/resources/20-121.pdf Conservation Idea Sheet - Wilderness Use Policy of the Boy Scouts of America]
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*[http://www.ext.colostate.edu/ptlk/ PlantTalk Colorado™] &ndash; from Colorado State University; provides reliable, timely information on more than 400 horticultural topics.
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<br>
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This link is from Colorado State University; Planttalk Colorado™ provides reliable, timely information on more than 400 horticultural topics.
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{{Merit Badge footer}}

Current revision

Resources include the Soil and Water Conservation merit badge worksheet Adobe Acrobat PDF, links, and cross-references to related badges and awards.  Prev  -  Next  

Soil and Water Conservation requires prior counselor approval for requirement(s) #7f.


Soil and Water Conservation merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1952
Discontinued: no
BSA Advancement ID: 106
Requirements revision: 2005
Latest pamphlet revision: 2008

Contents

Conservation isn't just the responsibility of soil and plant scientists, hydrologists, wildlife managers, landowners, and the forest or mine owner alone. It is the duty of every person to learn more about the natural resources on which our lives depend so that we can help make sure that these resources are used intelligently and cared for properly.


Soil and Water Conservation is one of the elective merit badges for the World Conservation Award for Boy Scouts, and one of the elective merit badges for the William T. Hornaday awards for Boy Scouts and Varsity Scouts.


Soil and Water Conservation merit badge requirements

  1. Do the following:
    a. Tell what soil is. Tell how it is formed.
    b. Describe three kinds of soil. Tell how they are different.
    c. Name the three main plant nutrients in fertile soil. Tell how they can be put back when used up.
  2. Do the following:
    a. Define soil erosion.
    b. Tell why soil conservation is important. Tell how it affects you.
    c. Name three kinds of soil erosion. Describe each.
    d. Take pictures of or draw two kinds of soil erosion.
  3. Do the following:
    a. Tell what is meant by "conservation practices".
    b. Describe the effect of three kinds of erosion-control practices.
    c. Take pictures of or draw three kinds of erosion-control practices.
  4. Do the following:
    a. Explain what a watershed is.
    b. Outline the smallest watershed that you can find on a contour map.
    c. Outline, as far as the map will allow, the next larger watershed which also has the smaller one in it.
    d. Explain what a river basin is. Tell why all people living in a river basin should be concerned about land and water use in the basin.
  5. Do the following:
    a. Make a drawing to show the hydrologic cycle.
    b. Demonstrate at least two of the following actions of water in relation to the soil: percolation, capillary action, precipitation, evaporation, transpiration.
    c. Explain how removal of vegetation will affect the way water runs off a watershed.
    d. Tell how uses of forest, range, and farmland affect usable water supply.
    e. Explain how industrial use affects water supply.
  6. Do the following:
    a. Tell what is meant by water pollution.
    b. Describe common sources of water pollution and explain the effects of each.
    c. Tell what is meant by "primary water treatment," "secondary waste treatment," and "biochemical oxygen demand."
    d. Make a drawing showing the principles of complete waste treatment.
  7. Do TWO of the following:
    a. Make a trip to two of the following places. Write a report of more than 500 words about the soil and water and energy conservation practices you saw.
    1. An agricultural experiment.
    2. A managed forest or a woodlot, range, or pasture.
    3. A wildlife refuge or a fish or game management area.
    4. A conservation-managed farm or ranch.
    5. A managed watershed.
    6. A waste-treatment plant.
    7. A public drinking water treatment plant.
    8. An industry water-use installation.
    9. A desalinization plant.
    b. Plant 100 trees, bushes and/or vines for a good purpose.
    c. Seed an area of at least one-fifth acre for some worthwhile conservation purposes, using suitable grasses or legumes alone or in a mixture.
    d. Study a soil survey report. Describe the things in it. Using tracing paper and pen, trace over any of the soil maps, and outline an area with three or more different kinds of soil. List each kind of soil by full name and map symbol.
    e. Make a list of places in your neighborhood, camps, school ground, or park having erosion, sedimentation, or pollution problems. Describe how these could be corrected through individual or group action.
    f. Carry out any other soil and water conservation project approved by your merit badge counselor.


The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2014 Edition (BSA Supply No. 33216 - SKU# 619576)

The text of these requirements is locked and can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.

Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Soil and Water Conservation is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Soil and Water Conservation requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks,
Webelos workbooks, and Cub Scout workbooks.
  1. Soil and Water Conservation is a popular summer camp merit badge.


Requirement resources


Related awards

Ecology-related awards


See also

Boy Scout portal
Varsity Scout portal
Venturing portal
General Merit Badge information


External links



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