Radio

From MeritBadgeDotOrg

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Radio Amateurs of Canada; Mexican Federation of Radio experimenters; Field Day)
(Requirement resources: 9a-d)
Line 40: Line 40:
<!-- ----------------------------------------------------------- -->
<!-- ----------------------------------------------------------- -->
{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
 +
<span class="plainlinks">
'''1. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio Radio (in General)]<br />
'''1. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio Radio (in General)]<br />
-
'''1a. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio Amateur radio] &nbsp; [https://www.fcc.gov/wireless/bureau-divisions/mobility-division/amateur-radio-service Amateur Radio Service] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadcasting Broadcasting]<br />
+
'''1.a. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio Amateur radio] &bull; [https://www.fcc.gov/wireless/bureau-divisions/mobility-division/amateur-radio-service Amateur Radio Service] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadcasting Broadcasting]<br />
-
'''1b.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commercial_broadcasting Broadcasting (commercial)] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_broadcasting Broadcasting (public)]<br />
+
'''1.b.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commercial_broadcasting Broadcasting (commercial)] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_broadcasting Broadcasting (public)]<br />
-
'''1c. '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Call_sign Call Signs] &nbsp; [https://www.fcc.gov/wireless/bureau-divisions/mobility-division/amateur-radio-service/amateur-call-sign-systems#block-menu-block-4 Amateur Radio call signs] &nbsp; [http://www.fcc.gov/ FCC (Federal Communications Commission)] &nbsp; [http://www.radioing.com/hamradio/callareas.html Amateur Radio call sign map (radioing.com)]<br />
+
'''1.c. '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Call_sign Call Signs] &bull; [https://www.fcc.gov/wireless/bureau-divisions/mobility-division/amateur-radio-service/amateur-call-sign-systems#block-menu-block-4 Amateur Radio call signs] &bull; [http://www.fcc.gov/ FCC (Federal Communications Commission)] &bull; [http://www.radioing.com/hamradio/callareas.html Amateur Radio call sign map (radioing.com)]<br />
-
'''1d. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NATO_phonetic_alphabet Phonetic Alphabet] &nbsp; [https://www.history.navy.mil/content/history/nhhc/research/library/online-reading-room/title-list-alphabetically/p/phonetic-alphabet-and-signal-flags.html Phonetic Alphabet and Signal Flags (US Navy)]<br />
+
'''1.d. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NATO_phonetic_alphabet Phonetic Alphabet] &bull; [https://www.history.navy.mil/content/history/nhhc/research/library/online-reading-room/title-list-alphabetically/p/phonetic-alphabet-and-signal-flags.html Phonetic Alphabet and Signal Flags (US Navy)]<br />
-
'''2a. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_propagation#Tropospheric_modes Radio Waves in the Atmosphere] &nbsp; [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WWV_(radio_station) WWV] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WWVH WWVH]<br />
+
'''2.a. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_propagation#Tropospheric_modes Radio Waves in the Atmosphere] &bull; [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WWV_(radio_station) WWV] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WWVH WWVH]<br />
-
'''2b. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DXing DXing] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DX_communication DX (distance) communications] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FCC FCC (Federal Communications Commission)] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ITU ITU Overview] &nbsp; [http://www.itu.int/ ITU Website]<br />
+
'''2.b. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DXing DXing] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DX_communication DX (distance) communications] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FCC FCC (Federal Communications Commission)] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ITU ITU Overview] &bull; [http://www.itu.int/ ITU Website]<br />
-
'''3. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_frequency Radio Frequency Spectrum] &nbsp; [http://www.ntia.doc.gov/osmhome/allochrt.html United States Frequency Allocation Chart] &nbsp; [http://www.itu.int/ITU-R/ Radio Communications Sector]<br />
+
'''3. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_frequency Radio Frequency Spectrum] &bull; [http://www.ntia.doc.gov/osmhome/allochrt.html United States Frequency Allocation Chart] &bull; [http://www.itu.int/ITU-R/ Radio Communications Sector]<br />
-
'''4. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modulation Modulation to carry information-animated graphics] &nbsp; [http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/propagation.html Radio Propagation] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transceiver Transceiver] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transmitter Transmitter] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amplifier Amplifier] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antenna_(radio) Antenna]<br />
+
'''4. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modulation Modulation to carry information-animated graphics] &bull; [http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/propagation.html Radio Propagation] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transceiver Transceiver] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transmitter Transmitter] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amplifier Amplifier] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antenna_(radio) Antenna]<br />
-
'''5ab. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Block_diagram Block Diagram] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circuit_diagram Circuit diagrams] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_symbol Electronic symbols]<br />
+
'''5.ab. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Block_diagram Block Diagram] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circuit_diagram Circuit diagrams] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_symbol Electronic symbols]<br />
-
'''5b. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microphone Microphone] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feed_line Feed Line] (also see 4 and 5a above)<br />
+
'''5.b. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microphone Microphone] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feed_line Feed Line] (also see 4 and 5a above)<br />
-
'''5c. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open-circuit_voltage Open Circuit] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circuit_theory#Open_circuit_vs._closed_circuit Open vs. Closed Circuit] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Short_circuit Short Circuit]<br />
+
'''5.c. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open-circuit_voltage Open Circuit] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circuit_theory#Open_circuit_vs._closed_circuit Open vs. Closed Circuit] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Short_circuit Short Circuit]<br />
-
'''5d. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_components Electrical components]<br />
+
'''5.d. ''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_components Electrical components]<br />
-
'''6. ''' [http://www.arrl.org/electrical-safety Electrical Safety] – Including Lightning, Antennas, etc &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Direct_current Direct Current] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ground_(electricity) Grounding]<br />
+
'''6. ''' [http://www.arrl.org/electrical-safety Electrical Safety] – Including Lightning, Antennas, etc &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Direct_current Direct Current] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ground_(electricity) Grounding]<br />
-
'''7.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadcasting Broadcasting] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio_station Amateur Radio Station]<br />
+
'''7.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadcasting Broadcasting] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio_station Amateur Radio Station]<br />
-
'''8.''' <span class="plainlinks">[https://www.nab.org/documents/radio/NABRadioCareersSecondEdition.pdf NAB's Guide to Careers in Radio]</span> {{PDF}}<br />
+
'''8.''' [https://www.nab.org/documents/radio/NABRadioCareersSecondEdition.pdf NAB's Guide to Careers in Radio] {{PDF}}<br />
-
'''9a.''' Amateur Radio: <br />
+
'''9.a. Amateur Radio:'''</span><br />
-
'''9b.''' Radio Broadcasting: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shortwave_listening Short-wave Listening] &nbsp; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_broadcasting International Broadcasting (Short-wave Listening)]<br />
+
:'''9.a.1.''' <span class="plainlinks">[https://www.fcc.gov/wireless/bureau-divisions/mobility-division/amateur-radio-service Amateur Radio Service]</span><br />
-
'''9c.''' Shortwave and Medium-Wave Listening: <br />
+
:'''9.a.2.''' <span class="plainlinks">[https://www.fcc.gov/wireless/bureau-divisions/mobility-division/amateur-radio-service/operator-class Operator Class licenses] &bull; [https://www.fcc.gov/wireless/bureau-divisions/mobility-division/amateur-radio-service/examinations License Examinations] &bull; [https://www.fcc.gov/volunteer-examiner-coordinators-vecs Volunteer Examiner Coordinators]</span><br />
-
'''9d.''' Amateur Radio Direction Finding: <br/>
+
:'''9.a.3.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://www.arrl.org/files/file/Get%20on%20the%20Air/Comm%20w%20Other%20Hams-Q%20Signals.pdf Communicating with Other Hams] {{PDF}}</span><br />
 +
:'''9.a.4.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://www.arrl.org/files/file/Public%20Service/fsd255.pdf Emergency Reference Information for Amateur Radio Station] {{PDF}}</span><br />
 +
:'''9.a.5.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://www.arrl.org/shop/Radios-to-Go Radios to Go! Getting the Most from your Handheld Transceiver] &bull; [http://www.arrl.org/your-first-station Your First Station] &bull; [https://www.arrl.org/files/file/Technology/tis/info/pdf/repeater1.pdf Repeaters – what are they and how to use them] {{PDF}}</span><br />
 +
:'''9.a.6.''' <span class="plainlinks">[http://boyslife.org/games/online-games/575/morse-code-machine/ ''Boys' Life'' Morse Code Machine] online game &bull; [http://lcwo.net/ Learn Morse Code Online] &bull; [http://aa9pw.com/morsecode/ Morse Code Practice page] &bull; [http://www.arrl.org/code-practice-files Morse Code practice files (mp3)] &bull; [https://starling.us/free/morse/ KY8D’s Morse Code Page] &bull; [http://www.arrl.org/learning-morse-code Learning Morse Code] &bull; [http://www.arrl.org/files/file/QSL/QSL.pdf QSL Cards] {{PDF}}<br />
 +
<span class="plainlinks">'''9.b.''' [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_broadcasting Radio Broadcasting]<br />
 +
'''9.c.''' Shortwave and Medium-Wave Listening: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shortwave_listening Shortwave listening] &bull; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_broadcasting International Broadcasting (Short-wave Listening)] &bull; [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medium_wave Medium wave]<br />
 +
'''9.d.''' [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio_direction_finding Amateur Radio Direction Finding]<br />
<br />
<br />
 +
</span>
== Related awards ==
== Related awards ==

Revision as of 10:58, October 4, 2018

Resources include the Radio merit badge worksheet Adobe Acrobat PDF, links, and cross-references to related badges and awards.  Prev  -  Next  

Radio merit badge requires prior counselor approval for requirement(s) #7.


Radio merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1923
Replaced: Wireless
BSA Advancement ID: 093
Requirements revision: 2018
Latest pamphlet revision: 2017

Contents

Radio is a way to send information, or communications, from one place to another. Broadcasting includes both one-way radio (a person hears the information but can't reply) as well as two-way radio (where the same person can both receive and send messages).


Radio merit badge requirements

  1. Explain what radio is. Then discuss the following:
    a. The differences between broadcast radio and hobby radio
    b. The differences between broadcasting and two-way communications
    c. Radio call signs and how they are used in broadcast radio and amateur radio
    d. The phonetic alphabet and how it is used to communicate clearly
  2. Do the following:
    a. Sketch a diagram showing how radio waves travel locally and around the world.
    b. Explain how the broadcast radio stations WWV and WWVH can be used to help determine what you will hear when you listen to a shortwave radio.
    c. Explain the difference between a distant (DX) and a local station.
    d. Discuss what the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) does and how it is different from the International Telecommunication Union.
  3. Do the following:
    a. Draw a chart of the electromagnetic spectrum covering 300 kilohertz (kHz) to 3,000 megahertz (MHz).
    b. Label the MF, HF, VHF, UHF, and microwave portions of the spectrum on your diagram.
    c. Locate on your chart at least eight radio services such as AM and FM commercial broadcast, citizens band (CB), television, amateur radio (at least four amateur radio bands), and public service (police and fire).
  4. Explain how radio waves carry information. Include in your explanation: transceiver, transmitter, receiver, amplifier, and antenna.
  5. Do the following:
    a. Explain the differences between a block diagram and a schematic diagram.
    b. Draw a block diagram for a radio station that includes a transceiver, amplifier, microphone, antenna, and feed line.
    c. Discuss how information is sent when using amplitude modulation (AM), frequency modulation (FM), continuous wave (CW) Morse Code transmission, single sideband (SSB) transmission, and digital transmission.
    d. Explain how NOAA Weather Radio (NWR) can alert you to danger.
    e. Explain how cellular telephones work. Identify their benefits and limitations in an emergency.
  6. Explain the safety precautions for working with radio gear, including the concept of grounding for direct current circuits, power outlets, and antenna systems.
  7. Visit a radio installation (an amateur radio station, broadcast station, or public communications center, for example) approved in advance by your counselor. Discuss what types of equipment you saw in use, how it was used, what types of licenses are required to operate and maintain the equipment, and the purpose of the station.
  8. Find out about three career opportunities in radio. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.
  9. Do ONE of the following: (a OR b OR c OR d)
    a. Amateur Radio
    1. Tell why the FCC has an amateur radio service. Describe some of the activities that amateur radio operators can do on the air, once they have earned an amateur radio license.
    2. Explain differences between the Technician, General, and Extra Class license requirements and privileges. Explain who administers amateur radio exams.
    3. Explain at least five Q signals or amateur radio terms.
    4. Explain how you would make an emergency call on voice or Morse code.
    5. Explain the differences between handheld transceivers and home "base" transceivers. Explain the uses of mobile amateur radio transceivers and amateur radio repeaters.
    6. Using proper call signs, Q signals, and abbreviations, carry on a 10-minute real or simulated amateur radio contact using voice, Morse code, or digital mode. (Licensed amateur radio operators may substitute five QSL cards as evidence of contacts with five amateur radio operators.) Properly log the real or simulated ham radio contact, and record the signal report.
    b. Radio Broadcasting
    1. Discuss with your counselor FCC broadcast regulations. Include power levels, frequencies, and the regulations for low-power stations.
    2. Prepare a program schedule for radio station "KBSA" of exactly one-half hour, including music, news, commercials, and proper station identification. Record your program on audiotape or in a digital audio format using proper techniques.
    3. Listen to and properly log 15 broadcast stations Determine the program format and target audience for five of these stations.
    4. Explain to your counselor at least eight terms used in commercial broadcasting, such as segue, cut, fade, continuity, remote, Emergency Alert System, network, cue, dead air, PSA, and play list.
    5. Discuss with your counselor alternative radio platforms such as internet streaming, satellite radio, and podcasts.
    c. Shortwave and Medium-Wave Listening
    1. Listen across several shortwave bands for four one-hour periods - at least one period during daylight hours and at least one period at night. Log the stations properly and locate them geographically on a map, globe, or web-based mapping service.
    2. Listen to several medium-wave stations for two one-hour periods, one period during daylight hours and one period at night. Log the stations properly and locate them on a map, globe, or web-based mapping service.
    3. Compare your daytime and nighttime shortwave logs; note the frequencies on which your selected stations were loudest during each session. Explain the differences in the signal strength from one period to the next.
    4. Compare your medium-wave broadcast station logs and explain why some distant stations are heard at your location only during the night.
    5. Demonstrate listening to a radio broadcast using a smartphone/cell phone. Include international broadcasts in your demonstration.
    d. Amateur Radio Direction Finding
    1. Describe amateur radio direction finding and explain why direction finding is important as both an activity and in competition.
    2. Describe what frequencies and equipment are used for ARDF or fox hunting.
    3. Build a simple directional antenna for either of the two frequencies used in ARDF.
    4. Participate in a simple fox hunt using your antenna along with a provided receiver.
    5. Show, on a map, how you located the "fox" using your receiver.


The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
2018 Boy Scout Requirements, No. 33216, 2018 Edition (BSA Supply SKU #641568)

View the change list (history) of these requirements. The text of these requirements may be locked. In that case, they can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.

Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Radio is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Radio requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks, Webelos workbooks,
Cub Scout workbooks, and Nova Award workbooks.


Requirement resources

1. Radio (in General)
1.a. Amateur radioAmateur Radio ServiceBroadcasting
1.b. Broadcasting (commercial)Broadcasting (public)
1.c. Call SignsAmateur Radio call signsFCC (Federal Communications Commission)Amateur Radio call sign map (radioing.com)
1.d. Phonetic AlphabetPhonetic Alphabet and Signal Flags (US Navy)
2.a. Radio Waves in the AtmosphereWWVWWVH
2.b. DXingDX (distance) communicationsFCC (Federal Communications Commission)ITU OverviewITU Website
3. Radio Frequency SpectrumUnited States Frequency Allocation ChartRadio Communications Sector
4. Modulation to carry information-animated graphicsRadio PropagationTransceiverTransmitterAmplifierAntenna
5.ab. Block DiagramCircuit diagramsElectronic symbols
5.b. MicrophoneFeed Line (also see 4 and 5a above)
5.c. Open CircuitOpen vs. Closed CircuitShort Circuit
5.d. Electrical components
6. Electrical Safety – Including Lightning, Antennas, etc • Direct CurrentGrounding
7. BroadcastingAmateur Radio Station
8. NAB's Guide to Careers in Radio Adobe Acrobat PDF
9.a. Amateur Radio:

9.a.1. Amateur Radio Service
9.a.2. Operator Class licensesLicense ExaminationsVolunteer Examiner Coordinators
9.a.3. Communicating with Other Hams Adobe Acrobat PDF
9.a.4. Emergency Reference Information for Amateur Radio Station Adobe Acrobat PDF
9.a.5. Radios to Go! Getting the Most from your Handheld TransceiverYour First StationRepeaters – what are they and how to use them Adobe Acrobat PDF
9.a.6. Boys' Life Morse Code Machine online game • Learn Morse Code OnlineMorse Code Practice pageMorse Code practice files (mp3)KY8D’s Morse Code PageLearning Morse CodeQSL Cards Adobe Acrobat PDF

9.b. Radio Broadcasting
9.c. Shortwave and Medium-Wave Listening: Shortwave listeningInternational Broadcasting (Short-wave Listening)Medium wave
9.d. Amateur Radio Direction Finding

Related awards

requirement #2.e. "Explain the purposes and functions of the various instruments found in a typical single-engine aircraft: ... communication radios, ..."
requirement #4.b. "Visit a Federal Aviation Administration facility—a control tower, terminal radar control facility, air route traffic control center, or Flight Standards District Office. ..."
  • Citizenship In The World merit badge requirement #7.e. "Participate in or attend an international event in your area, such as an ethnic festival, concert, or play."
    Participation in the largest Scouting event in the world is "Jamboree-On-The-Air' (JOTA), held on the third full weekend of October, would count. About 1.3 million Scouts and Guides around the world talk to each other using Amateur Radio that weekend. Boy Scouts, Cub Scouts, Venturers, Sea Scouts, Explorers, and Scouters who take part are eligible for a BSA JOTA Participant Patch, available online from ScoutShop.org.
  • Emergency Preparedness merit badge:
requirement #7.a. "Take part in an emergency service project, either a real one or a practice drill, with a Scouting unit or a community agency."
Participation in the national amateur radio Field Day on the fourth full weekend of June each year can meet this requirement.
requirement #8.a.2 "Tell the things a group of Scouts should be prepared to do, the training they need, and the safety precautions they should take for the following emergency services: Messenger service and communication"
  • Engineering merit badge requirement #6.c. "Understanding electronics. Using an electronic device such as a mobile telephone or portable digital media player, find out how sound travels from one location to another. Explain how the device was designed for ease of use, function, and durability."
  • Space Exploration merit badge requirement #4.d. "Discuss and demonstrate each of the following: How satellite pictures of Earth and pictures of other planets are made and transmitted."


Science-related awards
Hobby-related awards


See also

Boy Scout portal
Venturing portal
Sea Scout portal
General Merit Badge information


External links


Personal tools
language