Photography

From MeritBadgeDotOrg

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(External links)
(move quote)
(27 intermediate revisions not shown.)
Line 1: Line 1:
-
[[Image:2525c.gif|thumb|Photography]]
+
{{Merit Badge header|Pets|Pioneering}}
 +
{{MeritBadgePriorApproval|4a and 4b}}
 +
<br>
-
== Merit badge requirements ==
+
{{Infobox_MeritBadge_Green
 +
|name= Photography
 +
|image= 2525c.gif
 +
|caption= Photography
 +
|subject= Photography
 +
|status= Elective
 +
|created= 1911
 +
|discontinued= N/A
 +
|requirements revision= 2006
 +
|pamphlet revision= 2005
 +
|field= Communications
 +
|id= 083
 +
|quote=Beyond capturing family memories, photography offers a chance to be creative. Many photographers use photography to express their creativity, using lighting, composition, depth, color, and content to make their photographs into more than snapshots. Good photographs tell us about a person, a news event, a product, a place, a scientific breakthrough, an endangered animal, or a time in history.
 +
}}
 +
{{Merit Badge introduction}}
 +
<br>
 +
{{Original Merit Badge}}
-
:1. Explain how the following elements and terms affect the quality of a picture:
+
<!-- ------------------------------------------------------ -->
-
::a. Light-natural light/ambient, flash
+
<!-- The text of the Requirements is on a locked subpage. -->
-
::b. Exposure-aperture (f-stops), shutter speed, depth of field
+
<!-- Please offer comments or corrections -->
-
::c. Composition-rule of thirds, leading lines, framing, depth
+
<!-- under the Discussion tab at the top of this page. -->
-
::d. Angle of view
+
<!-- ------------------------------------------------------ -->
-
::e. Stopping action
+
{{reqs||merit badge }}
-
:2. Explain the basic parts and operation of a film camera or digital camera. Explain how an exposure is made when you take a picture.
+
-
:3. Discuss with your counselor the differences between a film camera and a digital camera. List at least five advantages and five disadvantages of using a digital camera versus using a film camera.
+
-
:4. Do ONE of the following:
+
-
::a. Produce a picture story using the photojournalistic technique of documenting an event. Share your plan with your counselor and get your counselor's input and approval before you proceed. Then, using either a film camera or a digital camera, produce your approved picture story. Process your images and select eight to 12 images that best tell your story. Arrange your images in order, then mount the prints on a poster board. If you are using digital images, you may create a slide show on your computer or produce printouts for your poster board. Share your picture story with your counselor.
+
-
::b. Choose a topic that interests you to photograph for an exhibit or display. Get your counselor's approval, then photograph (digital or film) your topic. Process your images. Choose 20 of your favorite images and mount them on poster board. Share your display with your counselor. If you are using digital images, you may create a slide show on your computer or produce printouts for your poster board.
+
-
:5. Discuss with your counselor the career opportunities in photography. Pick one that interests you and explain how to prepare for such a career. Discuss with your counselor the education and training such a career would require.
+
-
''Source: 2007 Boy Scout Requirements (33215)''
 
-
== Notes ==
+
== Notes ==
 +
<!-- ---------------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
<!-- Add general notes here, such as the link to the worksheet. -->
 +
<!-- ---------------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
{{Merit Badge Notes}}
 +
<br>
-
== Help with these requirements ==
+
== Requirement resources ==
 +
<!-- ----------------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
<!-- Answers, cheatsheets, and answer keys will be removed. -->
 +
<!-- Add links as guidance for specific requirements such as: -->
 +
<!-- * [[Internal Link]] or [external link] description -->
 +
<!-- ----------------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
{{Merit Badge Requirement resources}}
 +
'''1.''' Lesson Videos:
 +
[http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/203_photography.htm Beginning Photography] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/560_photo-techniques.htm How to Use a Digital Camera] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1067_photography-basics.htm Taking Better Pictures] - [http://youtu.be/wsdmt0De8Hw CCD: The heart of a digital camera] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/570_photography-course.htm Intermediate Photography]
 +
: [http://www.expertvillage.com/video/7769_photography-course-framing-one.htm Rule of Thirds] - [http://www.all-things-photography.com/digital-dictionary.html Glossary of Photography Terms] - [http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/tutorials/camera-exposure.htm Understanding Camera Exposure: Aperture, ISO & Shutter Speed] - [http://camerasim.com/camera-simulator/ SLR Camera Simulator]<br>
 +
'''1a.''' [http://photo.net/learn/making-photographs/light Light (ambient & flash)] - [http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/tutorials/camera-flash.htm Camera Flash, Part 1: Light Quality & Appearance]<br>
 +
'''1b.''' [http://photo.net/learn/making-photographs/exposure Great examples of shutter speed and aperture] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shutter_speed Shutter speed] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exposure_(photography) Exposure] - [http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/tutorials/camera-exposure.htm Exposure Triangle: Aperture, ISO & Shutter Speed] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aperture Aperture]
 +
: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depth_of_field Depth of field] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depth_of_focus Depth of focus]<br>
 +
'''1c.''' [http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/tutorials/rule-of-thirds.htm Composition: Rule of Thirds] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rule_of_thirds Wikipedia:Rule of thirds] - [http://photoinf.com/General/Theresa_Husarik/Photography_Tips_-_Composition_Refresher/Leading_Lines.htm Leading Lines] - [http://photoinf.com/General/Kris_Butler/Photo_Tip_-_Framing_Your_Shots.htm Framing] - [http://photoinf.com/General/Theresa_Husarik/Photography_Tips_-_Composition_Refresher/Depth.htm Depth]<br>
 +
'''1d.''' [http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/tutorials/cameras-vs-human-eye.htm Cameras vs. the Human Eye] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angle_of_view Angle of view]<br>
 +
'''1e.''' [http://sports.webshots.com/album/183640597JhWcNU Stopping Action]<br>
 +
'''2.''' The diagrams you need are included in the [[Media:{{PAGENAMEE}}.pdf|{{PAGENAME}} Worksheet]].
 +
:[http://www.howstuffworks.com/camera.htm How Cameras Work] - [http://photo.net/equipment/digital/basics/ Beginner's Guide]<br>
 +
'''3.''' [http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/digital-camera.htm How Digital Cameras Work] - [http://www.kenrockwell.com/tech/filmdig.htm Film vs. Digital] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_versus_film_photography Digital versus film photography]<br>
 +
'''4.''' The [[Citizenship in the Community]] #8 ''public presentation...of your community'' <br>
 +
could be given as a [[Communications]] #3 ''five-minute speech'' <br>
 +
using the techniques from [[Photography]] #4b to ''produce a picture story'' <br>
 +
and [[Art]] #1 to ''tell a story with...pictures'' <br>
 +
which could be developed into the [[Computers]] #6e ''short presentation''.<br>
 +
[http://photophilanthropy.org/gallery-posts/orphanage-in-transylvania/ Here] is an example of a good photo essay. The [http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/in_pictures/ BBC News In Pictures] site also has several good examples.<br>
 +
'''5.''' [http://www.careeroverview.com/photography-careers.html Careers in Photography]<br>
 +
<br>
-
== External links ==
+
== Related awards ==
 +
<!-- --------------------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
<!-- Note similarities with other award requirements here such as: -->
 +
<!-- * [[other award]] requirement ## -->
 +
<!-- --------------------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
{{Art Awards Links}}
 +
{{Hobby Awards Links}}
 +
<br>
-
[[Category:Boy Scouts]] [[Category:Merit Badges]]
+
== See also ==
 +
<!-- ----------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
<!-- Note similarities with other articles here such as: -->
 +
<!-- * [[other article]] -->
 +
<!-- ----------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
{{Merit Badge See also}}
 +
<br>
-
[http://www.kodak.com/eknec/PageQuerier.jhtml?pq-path=38/39/6370/338&pq-locale=en_US Kodak's explanation of how lighting affects photos] Also contains a wealth of information written for the non-professional
+
== External links ==
-
 
+
<!-- ------------------------------------------------------- -->
-
[http://www.armadillocamera.com/tutorial/effects_of_shutter_speed.htm How Shutter Speed, Aperture, and Film Speed Affect Your Picture]
+
<!-- Add general information links here (no advertisements) -->
-
 
+
<!-- use this format: * [http://somelink.com description] -->
-
[http://www.silverlight.co.uk/tutorials/compose_expose/thirds.html Basic Photography: Rule of Thirds]
+
<!-- ------------------------------------------------------- -->
-
 
+
* [http://www.photographic.com PhotoGraphic Magazine]
-
[http://photoinf.com/General/Theresa_Husarik/Photography_Tips_-_Composition_Refresher/Leading_Lines.htm Leading Lines] Includes some great photographs for examples
+
* [http://www.phototechmag.com/ Photo Techniques]
-
 
+
* [http://www.popphoto.com/ Popular Photography]
-
[http://photoinf.com/General/Kris_Butler/Photo_Tip_-_Framing_Your_Shots.htm Framing your Photos]
+
* [http://www.reuters.com/news/pictures Reuters Photojournalism]
-
 
+
-
[http://photoinf.com/General/Theresa_Husarik/Photography_Tips_-_Composition_Refresher/Depth.htm Depth]
+
-
 
+
-
[http://elver.cellosoft.com/2005/12/30/angle-of-view-in-photography/ Angle of View] An in-depth discussion; slightly technical
+
-
 
+
-
[http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/digital-camera.htm How Digital Cameras Work]
+
-
 
+
-
[http://www.kenrockwell.com/tech/filmdig.htm Film vs. Digital]
+
-
[http://www.careeroverview.com/photography-careers.html Careers in Photography]
+
{{Merit Badge footer}}

Revision as of 21:02, October 26, 2012

Resources include the Photography merit badge worksheet Adobe Acrobat PDF, links, and cross-references to related badges and awards.  Prev  -  Next  

Photography requires prior counselor approval for requirement(s) #4a and 4b.


Photography merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1911
Discontinued: no
BSA Advancement ID: 083
Requirements revision: 2006
Latest pamphlet revision: 2005

Contents

Beyond capturing family memories, photography offers a chance to be creative. Many photographers use photography to express their creativity, using lighting, composition, depth, color, and content to make their photographs into more than snapshots. Good photographs tell us about a person, a news event, a product, a place, a scientific breakthrough, an endangered animal, or a time in history.


The Photography merit badge was one of the original 57 merit badges issued by the Boy Scouts of America in 1911.


Photography merit badge requirements

  1. Safety. Do the following:
    a. Explain to your counselor the most likely hazards you may encounter while working with photography and what you should do to anticipate, mitigate, prevent, and respond to these hazards. Explain how you would prepare for exposure to environmental situations such as weather, sun, and water.
    b. Show your counselor your current, up-to-date Cyber Chip.
  2. Explain how the following elements and terms can affect the quality of a picture:
    a. Light—natural light (ambient/existing), low light (such as at night), and artificial light (such as from a flash)
    b. Exposure—aperture (f-stops), shutter speed, ISO
    c. Depth of field
    d. Composition—rule of thirds, leading lines, framing, depth
    e. Angle of view
    f. Stop action and blur motion
    g. Timing
  3. Explain the basic parts and operation of a camera. Explain how an exposure is made when you take a picture.
  4. Do TWO of the following, then share your work with your counselor.
    a. Photograph one subject from two different angles or perspectives.
    b. Photograph one subject from two different light sources—artificial and natural.
    c. Photograph one subject with two different depth of fields.
    d. Photograph one subject with two different compositional techniques.
  5. Photograph THREE of the following, then share your work your counselor.
    a. Close-up of a person
    b. Two to three people interacting
    c. Action shot
    d. Animal shot
    e. Nature shot
    f. Picture of a person—candid, posed, or camera aware
  6. Describe how software allows you to enhance your photograph after it is taken. Select a photo you have taken, then do ONE of the following, and share what you have done with your counselor.
    a. Crop your photograph.
    b. Adjust the exposure or make a color correction.
    c. Show another way you could improve your picture for impact.
  7. Using images other than those created for requirements 4, 5 or 6, produce a visual story to document an event to photograph OR choose a topic that interests you to photograph. Do the following:
    a. Plan the images you need to photograph for your photo story.
    b. Share your plan with your counselor, and get your counselor's input and approval before you proceed.
    c. Select eight to 12 images that best tell your story. Arrange your images in order and mount the prints on a poster board, OR create an electronic presentation. Share your visual story with your counselor.
  8. Identify three career opportunities in photography. Pick one and explain to your counselor how to prepare for such a career. Discuss what education and training are required, and why this profession might interest you.



The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2016 Edition (BSA Supply SKU #621535)

The text of these requirements may be locked. In that case, they can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Photography is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Photography requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks,
Webelos workbooks, and Cub Scout workbooks.


Requirement resources

1. Lesson Videos: Beginning Photography - How to Use a Digital Camera - Taking Better Pictures - CCD: The heart of a digital camera - Intermediate Photography

Rule of Thirds - Glossary of Photography Terms - Understanding Camera Exposure: Aperture, ISO & Shutter Speed - SLR Camera Simulator

1a. Light (ambient & flash) - Camera Flash, Part 1: Light Quality & Appearance
1b. Great examples of shutter speed and aperture - Shutter speed - Exposure - Exposure Triangle: Aperture, ISO & Shutter Speed - Aperture

Depth of field - Depth of focus

1c. Composition: Rule of Thirds - Wikipedia:Rule of thirds - Leading Lines - Framing - Depth
1d. Cameras vs. the Human Eye - Angle of view
1e. Stopping Action
2. The diagrams you need are included in the Photography Worksheet.

How Cameras Work - Beginner's Guide

3. How Digital Cameras Work - Film vs. Digital - Digital versus film photography
4. The Citizenship in the Community #8 public presentation...of your community
could be given as a Communications #3 five-minute speech
using the techniques from Photography #4b to produce a picture story
and Art #1 to tell a story with...pictures
which could be developed into the Computers #6e short presentation.
Here is an example of a good photo essay. The BBC News In Pictures site also has several good examples.
5. Careers in Photography

Related awards

Art-related awards
Hobby-related awards


See also

Boy Scout portal
Varsity Scout portal
Venturing portal
General Merit Badge information


External links


Personal tools
language