Medicine

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:1. Discuss with your counselor the influence that EIGHT of the following people or events had on the history of medicine:
 
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::a. Hippocrates
 
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::b. William Harvey
 
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::c. Antoine van Leeuwenhoek
 
-
::d. Edward Jenner
 
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::e. Florence Nightingale
 
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::f. Louis Pasteur
 
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::g. Gregor Mendel
 
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::h. Joseph Lister
 
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::i. Robert Koch
 
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::j. Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
 
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::k. Marie and Pierre Curie
 
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::l. Walter Reed
 
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::m. Karl Landsteiner
 
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::n. Alexander Fleming
 
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::o. Jonas Salk
 
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::p. James Watson and Francis Crick
 
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:2. Explain the Hippocratic Oath to your counselor, and compare to the original version to a more modern one. Discuss to whom those subscribing to the original version of the oath owe the greatest allegiance.
 
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:3. Discuss the health-care provider-patient relationship with your counselor, and the importance of such a relationship in the delivery of quality care to the patient. Describe the role of confidentiality in this relationship.
 
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:4. Do the following:
 
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::a. Describe the roles the following people play in the delivery of health care in your state. (Note: Not all may exist in your state.)
 
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:::1. Physician
 
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:::2. Chiropractor
 
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:::3. Optometrist
 
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:::4. Podiatrist
 
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:::5. Pharmacist
 
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:::6. Psychologist
 
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:::7. Physician's assistant
 
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:::8. Nurse practitioner
 
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:::9. Nurse-midwife
 
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:::10. Registered Nurse
 
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:::11. Licensed vocational/practical nurse
 
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:::12. Medical assistant
 
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:::13. Emergency medical technician
 
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:::14. Medical laboratory technologist
 
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:::15. Radiologic technologist
 
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:::16. Physical therapist
 
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:::17. Occupational therapist
 
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:::18. Respiratory therapist
 
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::b. Describe the educational and licensing requirements for five of those in 4a --other than 4a(1)- - practicing health care in your state.
 
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::5.a. Tell what is meant by the term "primary care" with regard to a medical specialty. Briefly describe the types of work done by physicians in the following "core" specialties:
 
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:::1. Internal medicine*
 
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:::2. Family practice*
 
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:::3. Obstetrics/gynecology*
 
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:::4. Pediatrics*
 
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:::5. Psychiatry
 
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:::6. Surgery
 
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::5.b. Describe the additional educational requirements for these specialties.
 
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::6.a. Briefly describe the types of work performed by physicians in FIVE of the following specialties or subspecialties:
 
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:::1. Allergy/immunology
 
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:::2. Anesthesiology
 
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:::3. Cardiovascular disease
 
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:::4. Colon and rectal surgery
 
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:::5. Dermatology
 
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:::6. Emergency Medicine
 
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:::7. Endocrinology and metabolism
 
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:::8. Gastroenterology
 
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:::9. Geriatric medicine
 
-
:::10. Hematology/oncology
 
-
:::11. Infectious disease
 
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:::12. Nephrology
 
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:::13. Neurological surgery
 
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:::14. Neurology
 
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:::15. Nuclear medicine
 
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:::16. Opthalmology
 
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:::17. Orthopedic surgery
 
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:::18. Otolaryngology/head and neck surgery
 
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:::19. Pathology
 
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:::20. Physical medicine and rehabilitation
 
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:::21. Plastic, reconstructive, and maxillofacial surgery.
 
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:::22. Preventive medicine
 
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:::23. Radiology
 
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:::24. Rheumatology
 
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:::25. Thoracic/cardiothoracic surgery
 
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:::26. Urology
 
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:::27. Vascular surgery
 
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::6.b. Describe the additional educational requirements for the five specialties or subspecialties you chose in 6a.
 
-
::7.a. Visit a physician's office,** preferably one who delivers "primary care." (This may be that of your counselor.) Discuss the components of a medical history and physical examination (an official BSA health form may be used to guide this discussion), and become familiar with the instruments used.
 
-
::7.b. Describe the characteristics of a good diagnostic test to screen for disease (e.g. routine blood pressure measurement). Explain briefly why diagnostic tests are not perfect.
 
-
::7.c. Show how to take a blood pressure reading and a pulse reading.
 
-
:8. Do the following:
 
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::a. Discuss the roles medical societies, the insurance industry, and the government play in influencing the practice of medicine in the United States.
 
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::b. Briefly tell how your state monitors the quality of health care within its borders, and how it provides care to those who do not have health insurance.
 
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:9. Compare and discuss with your counselor the health care delivery systems in the United States, Sweden, and China.
 
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:10. Serve as a volunteer at a health-related event or facility in your community (e.g. blood drive, "health fair", blood pressure screening, etc.) approved by your counselor.
 
-
 
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<nowiki>*</nowiki> "Primary care" specialties
 
-
 
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<nowiki>**</nowiki> If this cannot be arranged, demonstrate to your counselor that you understand the components of a medical history and physical, and discuss the instruments involved.
 
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*9: [http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/353/11/1165 Privatization and Its Discontents The Evolving Chinese Health Care System] The New England Journal of Medicine looks at China's failing health care system.
*9: [http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/353/11/1165 Privatization and Its Discontents The Evolving Chinese Health Care System] The New England Journal of Medicine looks at China's failing health care system.
*9: [http://www.sweden.gov.se/sb/d/2950 Health and medical care policy and dental care] The official Swedish government information page for the single-payer system.
*9: [http://www.sweden.gov.se/sb/d/2950 Health and medical care policy and dental care] The official Swedish government information page for the single-payer system.
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== Related awards ==
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== See also ==
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Revision as of 12:27, May 8, 2008

Medicine merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1991
Discontinued: no
BSA Advancement ID: 130
Requirements revision: 2005
Latest pamphlet revision: 2002

Contents


Medicine requirements

  1. Discuss with your counselor the influence that EIGHT of the following people or events had on the history of health care:
    a. Hippocrates
    b. William Harvey
    c. Antoine van Leeuwenhoek
    d. Edward Jenner
    e. Florence Nightingale
    f. Louis Pasteur
    g. Gregor Mendel
    h. Joseph Lister
    i. Robert Koch
    j. Daniel Hale Williams
    k. Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
    l. Marie and Pierre Curie
    m. Walter Reed
    n. Karl Landsteiner
    o. Alexander Fleming
    p. Charles Richard Drew
    q. Helen Taussig
    r. James Watson and Francis Crick
    s. Jonas Salk
  2. Explain the Hippocratic Oath to your counselor, and compare to the original version to a more modern one. Discuss to whom those subscribing to the original version of the oath owe the greatest allegiance.
  3. Discuss the health-care provider-patient relationship with your counselor, and the importance of such a relationship in the delivery of quality care to the patient. Describe the role of confidentiality in this relationship.
  4. Do the following:
    a. Describe the roles the following people play in the delivery of health care in your state.
    1. Allopathic physician (M.D.) and Osteopathic physician (D.O.
    2. Chiropractor (D.C.)
    3. Emergency medical technician
    4. Licensed practical/vocational nurse
    5. Medical assistant
    6. Medical laboratory technologist
    7. Nurse-midwife
    8. Nurse practitioner
    9. Occupational therapist
    10. Optometrist
    11. Pharmacist
    12. Physical therapist
    13. Physician’s assistant
    14. Podiatrist
    15. Psychologist
    16. Radiologic technologist
    17. Registered nurse
    18. Respiratory therapist
    b. Describe the educational and licensing requirements to practice health care in your state for FIVE of the professions in requirement 4a. (Not all professions may exist in your state.)
  5. a. Tell what is meant by the term "primary care" with regard to a medical specialty.
    b. Briefly describe the types of work done by physicians in the following specialties:
    1. Internal medicine*
    2. Family practice*
    3. Obstetrics/gynecology*
    4. Pediatrics*
    5. Psychiatry
    6. Surgery
    c. Describe the additional educational requirements for these specialties.
  6. a. Briefly describe the types of work performed by physicians in FIVE of the following specialties or subspecialties:
    1. Allergy/immunology
    2. Anesthesiology
    3. Cardiology
    4. Colorectal surgery
    5. Critical care medicine (intensive care medicine)
    6 Dermatology
    7. Emergency Medicine
    8. Endocrinology
    9. Gastroenterology
    10. Geriatric medicine
    11. Hematology/oncology
    12. Hospitalist
    13. Infectious disease
    14. Nephrology
    15. Neuro surgery
    16. Neurology
    17. Nuclear medicine
    18. Ophthalmology
    19. Orthopedic surgery
    20. Otolaryngology/head and neck surgery
    21. Pathology
    22. Physical medicine and rehabilitation
    23. Plastic, reconstructive, and maxillofacial surgery.
    24. Preventive medicine
    25. Pulmonology
    26. Radiology
    27. Rheumatology
    28. Thoracic/cardiothoracic surgery
    29. Urology
    30. Vascular surgery
    b. Describe the additional educational requirements for the five specialties or subspecialties you chose in 6a.
  7. a. Visit a physician's office,** preferably one who delivers "primary care." (This may be that of your counselor.) Discuss the components of a medical history and physical examination (an official BSA health form may be used to guide this discussion), and become familiar with the instruments used.
    b. Describe the characteristics of a good diagnostic test to screen for disease (e.g. routine blood pressure measurement). Explain briefly why diagnostic tests are not perfect.
    c. Show how to take a blood pressure reading and a pulse reading.
  8. Do the following:
    a. Discuss the roles medical societies, the insurance industry, and the government play in influencing the practice of medicine in the United States.
    b. Briefly tell how your state monitors the quality of health care within its borders, and how it provides care to those who do not have health insurance.
  9. Compare and discuss with your counselor at least two types of health care delivery systems used throughout the world.
  10. Serve as a volunteer at a health-related event or facility in your community (e.g. blood drive, "health fair", blood pressure screening, etc.) approved by your counselor.



* "Primary care" specialties
** If this cannot be arranged, demonstrate to your counselor that you understand the components of a medical history and physical, and discuss the instruments involved.


The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2018 Edition (BSA Supply SKU #641568)

View the change list (history) of these requirements. The text of these requirements may be locked. In that case, they can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Notes

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Or click here to print just the Medicine requirements.
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