|Law merit badge
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- Define "law." Tell some of its sources. Describe functions it serves.
- Discuss TWO of the following:
- a. Justinian’s Code, The Code of Hammurabi, and the Magna Carta.
- b. The development of the jury system.
- c. Two famous trials in history.
- Tell what civil law is; tell what criminal law is. Tell the main differences between them. Give examples of each.
- Ask five people (not more than one from your immediate family) about the role of law enforcement officers in our society. Discuss their answers with them. Go to a law enforcement officer in your neighborhood and ask about his or her responsibilities and duties. Report your findings.
- Tell about several laws that were passed to protect the consumer and the seller. Tell about several organizations that provide help to consumers and sellers.
- Do ONE of the following:
- a. Attend a session of a civil or criminal court. Write 250 words or more on what you saw.
- b. Plan and conduct a mock trial with your troop or school class. After the trial is over, discuss it with the group.
- Arrange a visit with a lawyer who works for a business, bank, title company, or government agency. Find out his or her duties and responsibilities. Report what you have learned.
- Explain the requirements for becoming a lawyer in your state. Describe how judges are selected in your state.
- Make a list of 15 jobs that deal with some aspect of law or legal processes. Tell which you prefer. Why?
- Tell where people can go to obtain the help of a lawyer if they are unable to pay for one. Tell what you can do if you can afford a lawyer but do not know of any in your area.
- Discuss with your counselor the importance in our society of TWO of the following areas of the law:
- a. Environmental law
- b. Computers and the Internet
- c. Copyright and the Internet
- d. Space travel and satellites orbiting Earth
- e. Patents
- f. Biotechnology
- g. Privacy law
- h. International law
|| The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:|
Boy Scout Requirements, 2015 Edition (BSA Supply SKU #620714)
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- Sources of Law
- Justinian Code Another source
- Magna Carta What is the Magna Carta?
- Differences between civil law and criminal law
- 5: Consumer Protection laws & organizations
- State Attorneys General enforce state consumer laws and provide free assistance in investigating consumer complaints, issuing alerts, and insuring fair competition.
- Consumer Product Safety Act - gives CPSC the power to develop safety standards and pursue recalls for products.
- Federal Trade Commission Act - created the FTC to prevent unfair competition, deceptive acts, regulate trade, etc.
- Pure Food and Drug Act - led to the creation of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to regulate foods, drugs, and more.
- Communications Act of 1934 - created the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to regulate all radio and interstate cable, phone, and satellite communications.
- National Do Not Call Registry - Privacy - allows US consumers to limit telemarketing calls they receive.
- Fair Credit Reporting Act (FRCA) - regulates the collection, dissemination, and use of consumer credit information
- Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) - limits abusive consumer practices, insures fairness, etc.
- Truth in Lending Act (TILA) - requires clear disclosure of key terms of the lending arrangement and all costs.
- Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) - prohibits kickbacks and requires lenders to provide a good faith estimate of costs
- Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) - provides consumer protection for Health Information
- Federal Citizen Information Center - provides information about consumer news items, recalls, and consumer scam alerts.
- Laws that protect the consumer
- Better Business Bureau - file a complaint or see if others have complained about a business
- Consumers Union evaluates products and services and publishes Consumer Reports
- 7: Job of an attorney
- 8: Legal Education topics: Bachelor's degree, Law School, Juris Docotr Degree, and Bar Exam.