First Aid Kit

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<big><center>[[First Aid Kit]] resources include the printable [[Media:Personal-First-Aid-Kit.pdf|Personal First Aid Kit]]<br>as well as [[First Aid Skills]] instruction showing how to use each item.</center></big> <br>
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== How to make a First Aid Kit. ==
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{{TOCleft}}{{Checklist|'''''A Checklist is available!''''' <br>[[Media:Personal-First-Aid-Kit.pdf|Personal First Aid Kit]] {{PDF}} - from p. 289 of the Boy Scout Handbook.|auto}}
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{{clear}}
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==Boy Scout Personal First Aid Kit==
 +
:From the [[Boy Scout Handbook]] p. 289
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1.Adhesive tape
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''"Carrying a few first aid items on hikes and campouts will allow you to treat scratches, blisters, and other minor injuries, and to provide initial care for more serious emergencies. Everything will fit in a self-sealing plastic bag. Get in the habit of taking along your personal first aid kit whenever you set out on a Scout adventure."''
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2.Aluminum finger splints
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{| border="1" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="1" align="left"
 +
|-
 +
| | '''Item'''
 +
| | '''Qty'''
 +
| | '''Use'''
 +
|-
 +
| | Adhesive bandages
 +
| | 6
 +
| | ''Keep wound clean'' - p. 384
 +
|-
 +
| | Sterile gauze pads, 3-by-3 inch
 +
| | 2
 +
| | ''Larger wounds'' - p. 304
 +
|-
 +
| | Adhesive tape
 +
| | 1 small roll
 +
| | ''Hold pad in place'' - p. 304
 +
|-
 +
| | Moleskin, 3-by-6 inch
 +
| | 1
 +
| | ''Blisters'' - p. 398
 +
|-
 +
| | Soap
 +
| | 1 small bar
 +
| | ''Wash skin'' - p. 301
 +
|-
 +
| | Antiseptic
 +
| | 1 small tube
 +
| | ''Sterilize exposed skin'' - p. 299
 +
|-
 +
| | Scissors
 +
| | 1 pair
 +
| | ''Cut gauze or tape'' - p. 304
 +
|-
 +
| | Latex gloves
 +
| | 1 pair
 +
| | ''For bleeding or wound care'' - p. 299
 +
|-
 +
| | Mouth-barrier device
 +
| | 1
 +
| | ''Rescue breathing or CPR'' - p. 299
 +
|-
 +
| | Plastic goggles or other
 +
| | 1
 +
| | ''Protect eyes'' - p. 299
 +
|-
 +
| | Pencil and paper
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| | 1 each
 +
| | ''Log treatments & details'' - p. 292
 +
|}
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{{clear}}
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;References
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{{First Aid Links}}
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* Note that neither the BSA [http://www.scoutstuff.org/BSASupply/SearchPage.aspx?page=LIST&free_text=01093* Scout First Aid Kit] or [http://www.scoutstuff.org/BSASupply/SearchPage.aspx?page=LIST&free_text=01092* Scout Camper First Aid Kit] include all of the items listed above.
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3.Antibiotic ointment
 
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4.Antiseptic solution or towelettes
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==Webelos First Aid Kit==
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:''From the [[Webelos Scout Handbook]] pp. 388-9
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First Aid Kits
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Every home and car should have a first aid kit. Then first aid supplies will be there if they are
 +
needed.
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Check your family's home or car first aid kit. For requirement 12, you'll explain how the items should be used. If you don't know, ask your Webelos den leader or den chief to show you. Things that should be in a first aid kit are listed below.
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5.Bandages, including a roll of elastic wrap (Ace, Coban, others) and bandage strips (Band-Aid, Curad, others) in assorted sizes
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{| border="1" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="1" align="left"
 +
|-
 +
| | '''Item'''
 +
| | '''Use'''
 +
|-
 +
| | Tweezers
 +
| | ''Remove splinters''
 +
|-
 +
| | Box of adhesive bandages (different sizes)
 +
| | ''Keep wound clean''
 +
|-
 +
| | Twelve each of 3-by-3-inch and 4-by-4-inch sterile pads
 +
| | ''Larger wounds''
 +
|-
 +
| | Roll of I-inch and roll of 2-inch adhesive tape
 +
| | ''Hold pad in place''
 +
|-
 +
| | Scissors
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| | ''Cut gauze or tape''
 +
|-
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| | Safety pins
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| | ''Secure triangular bandages''
 +
|-
 +
| | Two 1-inch roller bandages
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| | ''Hold pads in place''
 +
|-
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| | Two 2-inch roller bandages
 +
| | ''Hold pads in place''
 +
|-
 +
| | Three triangular bandages
 +
| | ''Hold pads in place''
 +
|-
 +
| | Three cravat bandages (a cravat bandage is made<br>by folding a triangular bandage or Scout neckerchief)
 +
| | ''Sling or to hold pad in place''
 +
|-
 +
| | Two 17-inch splints of thin board
 +
| | ''Immobilize break or sprain''
 +
|-
 +
| | Two 30-inch splints
 +
| | ''Immobilize break or sprain''
 +
|-
 +
| | Calamine lotion
 +
| | ''Minor skin rash''
 +
|-
 +
| | Latex gloves
 +
| | ''For bleeding or wound care''
 +
|-
 +
| | Mouth-barrier device
 +
| | ''Rescue breathing or CPR''
 +
|}
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{{clear}}
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For a first aid kit in a car, also include a small flashlight and spare batteries, hand cleaner in packets, a white handkerchief (to attach to the car so you can attract attention if the car is disabled), a blanket, and a large red and white sign that can be placed in the front or rear window that reads "Send Help!"
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6.Instant cold packs
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==Guide to Safe Scouting First Aid Kit==
 +
:''From the: [http://www.scouting.org/HealthandSafety/GSS/gss06.aspx Guide to Safe Scouting]<br>
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{{quote-source|''A [[First Aid Kit|first-aid kit]] well stocked with the basic essentials is indispensable. Choose one sturdy and lightweight, yet large enough to hold the contents so that they are readily visible and so that any one item may be taken out without unpacking the whole kit. Keep a list of contents readily available for easy refilling. Keep the kit in a convenient location. Make one person responsible for keeping the kit filled and available when needed. Quantities of suggested items for your first-aid kit depend on the size of your group and local conditions.''|[http://www.scouting.org/HealthandSafety/GSS/gss06.aspx Guide to Safe Scouting]}}
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7.Cotton balls and cotton-tipped swabs
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:___ Bar of soap
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:___ 2-inch roller bandage
 +
:___ 1-inch roller bandage
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:___ 1-inch adhesive
 +
:___ 3-by-3-inch sterile pads
 +
:___ Triangular bandage
 +
:___ Assorted gauze pads
 +
:___ Adhesive strips or tape
 +
:___ Clinical oral thermometer
 +
:___ Scissors
 +
:___ Tweezers
 +
:___ Sunburn lotion
 +
:___ Lip salve
 +
:___ Poison-ivy lotion
 +
:___ Small flashlight (with extra batteries and bulb)
 +
:___ Absorbent cotton
 +
:___ Water purification tablets (iodine)
 +
:___ Safety pins
 +
:___ Needles
 +
:___ Paper cups
 +
:___ Foot powder
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:___ Instant ice packs
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8.Disposable latex or synthetic gloves, at least two pair
 
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9.Gauze pads and roller gauze in assorted sizes
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==Bloodborne Pathogens==
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''From the: [http://www.scouting.org/HealthandSafety/GSS/gss06.aspx Guide to Safe Scouting]<br>
 +
Treat all blood as if it were contaminated with bloodborne viruses. Do not use bare hands to stop bleeding; always use a protective barrier. Always wash exposed skin area with hot water and soap immediately after treating the victim. The following equipment is to be included in all first-aid kits and used when rendering first aid to those in need:
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10.Eye goggles
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:___ Latex or vinyl gloves, to be used when stopping bleeding or dressing wounds
 +
:___ A mouth-barrier device for rendering rescue breathing or CPR
 +
:___ Plastic goggles or other eye protection to prevent a victim's blood from getting into the rescuer's eyes in the event of serious arterial bleeding
 +
:___ Antiseptic, for sterilizing or cleaning exposed skin area, particularly if there is no soap or water available.
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11.First-aid manual
 
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12.Petroleum jelly or other lubricant
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== Related Awards ==
 +
<!-- ----------------------------------------------------- -->
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<!-- Note similarities with other articles here such as: -->
 +
<!-- * [[other article]] -->
 +
<!-- ----------------------------------------------------- -->
 +
;Emergency Preparedness Awards
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{{Emergency Preparedness Award Links}}
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13.Plastic bags for the disposal of contaminated materials
 
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14.Safety pins in assorted sizes
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==See also==
 +
;First Aid Links
 +
{{First Aid Links}}
 +
;[[Essentials for the Outdoors|Camping Checklist]]
 +
* Boy Scout [[Camping|Camping Merit Badge]]
 +
* Webelos [[Outdoorsman|Webelos Outdoorsman]]
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;[[First Aid Kit]]
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* Boy Scout [[First Aid|First Aid Merit Badge]]
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* Webelos [[Readyman|Webelos Readyman]]
 +
;[[Emergency Kit]]
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* Boy Scout [[Emergency Preparedness|Emergency Preparedness Merit Badge]]
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15.Save-A-Tooth storage device containing salt solution and a travel case
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==External Links==
 +
* The BSA [http://www.scoutstuff.org/BSASupply/SearchPage.aspx?page=LIST&free_text=01093* $11 Scout First Aid Kit] does not contain the items the BSA says a Scout should have.
 +
: Even the [http://www.scoutstuff.org/BSASupply/SearchPage.aspx?page=LIST&free_text=01092* $20 Scout Camper First Aid Kit] does not include the items each Scout is supposed to carry.
 +
* The [http://www.redcrossstore.org/Shopper/Product.aspx?UniqueItemId=181&Page=1&StartAtPage=1&SId=468136&LocationId=0 American Red Cross Be Ready First Aid Kit] has the items recommended by the BSA at $15].
 +
* The [http://www.scoutstuff.org/BSASupply/SearchPage.aspx?page=LIST&free_text=01312* BSA CPR Protection kit is $30.
 +
: The [http://www.redcrossstore.org/Shopper/Product.aspx?UniqueItemId=421&Page=1&StartAtPage=1&SId=468136&LocationId=0 American Red Cross Mini CPR Mask] is under $4. The [http://www.laerdal.com/doc/8695261/Laerdal-Face-Shield.html Laerdal] is under $2 each.
 +
*[http://www.rei.com/expertadvice/articles/firstaid+kits.html REI: First-Aid Kits] - [http://www.rei.com/expertadvice/articles/backpacking+firstaid+checklist.html REI: Backpacking First Aid Checklist]
 +
[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-kits/FA00067 Mayo: First-aid kits] - [https://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/firstaid/kit.shtml Harvard: First-Aid Kits]<br>
 +
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1718_first-aid-kit.htm Video: How to Make a First Aid Kit] -step-by-step explains how each item is used.<br>
 +
<span style="border: 2px outset;"><small>►</small></span>&nbsp; [http://www.probloodborne.com/flvplayer.php?id=1 Introduction to Bloodborne Pathogens] - [http://www.probloodborne.com/flvplayer.php?id=2 What are Bloodborne Pathogens?] - [http://www.probloodborne.com/flvplayer.php?id=7 How to Reduce the Risk of Bloodborne Pathogens]
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16.Scissors, tweezers and a needle
 
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17.Soap or instant hand sanitizer
 
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18.Sterile eyewash, such as a saline solution
 
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19.Thermometer
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[[Category:Advice]]
-
 
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20.Triangular bandage
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-
 
+
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21.Turkey baster or other bulb suction device for flushing out wounds
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Medications
+
-
 
+
-
 
+
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22.Activated charcoal (use only if instructed by Poison Control Center)
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-
 
+
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23.Anti-diarrhea medication
+
-
 
+
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24.Over-the-counter oral antihistamine (Benadryl, others)
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-
 
+
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25.Aspirin and nonaspirin pain relievers (never give aspirin to children)
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-
 
+
-
26.Calamine lotion
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-
 
+
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27.Over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream
+
-
 
+
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28.Personal medications
+
-
 
+
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29.If prescribed by your doctor, drugs to treat an allergic attack, such as an auto-injector of epinephrine (EpiPen)
+
-
 
+
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30.Syringe, medicine cup or spoon
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-
 
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== Emergency items ==
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-
 
+
-
 
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1.Cell phone and recharger that utilizes the accessory plug in your car dash
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-
 
+
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2.Emergency phone numbers, including contact information for your family doctor and pediatrician, local emergency services, emergency road service providers and the regional
+
-
 
+
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3.Poison Control Center
+
-
 
+
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4.Small, waterproof flashlight and extra batteries
+
-
 
+
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5.Candles and matches for cold climates
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-
 
+
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6.Sunscreen
+
-
 
+
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7.Mylar emergency blanket
+

Current revision

First Aid Kit resources include the printable Personal First Aid Kit
as well as First Aid Skills instruction showing how to use each item.

Contents

A Checklist is available!
Personal First Aid Kit Adobe Acrobat PDF - from p. 289 of the Boy Scout Handbook.

Boy Scout Personal First Aid Kit

From the Boy Scout Handbook p. 289

"Carrying a few first aid items on hikes and campouts will allow you to treat scratches, blisters, and other minor injuries, and to provide initial care for more serious emergencies. Everything will fit in a self-sealing plastic bag. Get in the habit of taking along your personal first aid kit whenever you set out on a Scout adventure."

Item Qty Use
Adhesive bandages 6 Keep wound clean - p. 384
Sterile gauze pads, 3-by-3 inch 2 Larger wounds - p. 304
Adhesive tape 1 small roll Hold pad in place - p. 304
Moleskin, 3-by-6 inch 1 Blisters - p. 398
Soap 1 small bar Wash skin - p. 301
Antiseptic 1 small tube Sterilize exposed skin - p. 299
Scissors 1 pair Cut gauze or tape - p. 304
Latex gloves 1 pair For bleeding or wound care - p. 299
Mouth-barrier device 1 Rescue breathing or CPR - p. 299
Plastic goggles or other 1 Protect eyes - p. 299
Pencil and paper 1 each Log treatments & details - p. 292
References


Webelos First Aid Kit

From the Webelos Scout Handbook pp. 388-9

First Aid Kits Every home and car should have a first aid kit. Then first aid supplies will be there if they are needed. Check your family's home or car first aid kit. For requirement 12, you'll explain how the items should be used. If you don't know, ask your Webelos den leader or den chief to show you. Things that should be in a first aid kit are listed below.

Item Use
Tweezers Remove splinters
Box of adhesive bandages (different sizes) Keep wound clean
Twelve each of 3-by-3-inch and 4-by-4-inch sterile pads Larger wounds
Roll of I-inch and roll of 2-inch adhesive tape Hold pad in place
Scissors Cut gauze or tape
Safety pins Secure triangular bandages
Two 1-inch roller bandages Hold pads in place
Two 2-inch roller bandages Hold pads in place
Three triangular bandages Hold pads in place
Three cravat bandages (a cravat bandage is made
by folding a triangular bandage or Scout neckerchief)
Sling or to hold pad in place
Two 17-inch splints of thin board Immobilize break or sprain
Two 30-inch splints Immobilize break or sprain
Calamine lotion Minor skin rash
Latex gloves For bleeding or wound care
Mouth-barrier device Rescue breathing or CPR

For a first aid kit in a car, also include a small flashlight and spare batteries, hand cleaner in packets, a white handkerchief (to attach to the car so you can attract attention if the car is disabled), a blanket, and a large red and white sign that can be placed in the front or rear window that reads "Send Help!"

Guide to Safe Scouting First Aid Kit

From the: Guide to Safe Scouting
A first-aid kit well stocked with the basic essentials is indispensable. Choose one sturdy and lightweight, yet large enough to hold the contents so that they are readily visible and so that any one item may be taken out without unpacking the whole kit. Keep a list of contents readily available for easy refilling. Keep the kit in a convenient location. Make one person responsible for keeping the kit filled and available when needed. Quantities of suggested items for your first-aid kit depend on the size of your group and local conditions.
Guide to Safe Scouting
___ Bar of soap
___ 2-inch roller bandage
___ 1-inch roller bandage
___ 1-inch adhesive
___ 3-by-3-inch sterile pads
___ Triangular bandage
___ Assorted gauze pads
___ Adhesive strips or tape
___ Clinical oral thermometer
___ Scissors
___ Tweezers
___ Sunburn lotion
___ Lip salve
___ Poison-ivy lotion
___ Small flashlight (with extra batteries and bulb)
___ Absorbent cotton
___ Water purification tablets (iodine)
___ Safety pins
___ Needles
___ Paper cups
___ Foot powder
___ Instant ice packs


Bloodborne Pathogens

From the: Guide to Safe Scouting
Treat all blood as if it were contaminated with bloodborne viruses. Do not use bare hands to stop bleeding; always use a protective barrier. Always wash exposed skin area with hot water and soap immediately after treating the victim. The following equipment is to be included in all first-aid kits and used when rendering first aid to those in need:

___ Latex or vinyl gloves, to be used when stopping bleeding or dressing wounds
___ A mouth-barrier device for rendering rescue breathing or CPR
___ Plastic goggles or other eye protection to prevent a victim's blood from getting into the rescuer's eyes in the event of serious arterial bleeding
___ Antiseptic, for sterilizing or cleaning exposed skin area, particularly if there is no soap or water available.


Related Awards

Emergency Preparedness Awards
Emergency Preparedness-related awards


See also

First Aid Links
Camping Checklist
First Aid Kit
Emergency Kit

External Links

Even the $20 Scout Camper First Aid Kit does not include the items each Scout is supposed to carry.
The American Red Cross Mini CPR Mask is under $4. The Laerdal is under $2 each.

Mayo: First-aid kits - Harvard: First-Aid Kits
  Video: How to Make a First Aid Kit -step-by-step explains how each item is used.
  Introduction to Bloodborne Pathogens - What are Bloodborne Pathogens? - How to Reduce the Risk of Bloodborne Pathogens

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