Emergency Kit

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The [[Emergency Preparedness]] and [[Wilderness Survival]] merit badges and the [[Emergency Preparedness BSA Award]] all include requirements about emergency kits. The following information is provided as an illustration of good content for emergency kits. You may wish to put other things in your kits.
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The [[Emergency Preparedness]], [[Wilderness Survival]], and [[Search and Rescue]] merit badges and the [[Emergency Preparedness BSA Award]] include requirements for emergency kits, survival kits, or ready packs. The following information comes from the associated merit badge pamphlets, but you may wish to put other things in your kits according to your needs and circumstances.
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== Family Emergency Kit ==
== Family Emergency Kit ==
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:''Based on the Family Emergency Kit in the [https://www.scoutshop.org/emergency-preparedness-merit-badge-pamphlet-622851.html Emergency Preparedness merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 622851] (2015 Printing) — Scouting.org
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:''From the [https://www.scoutshop.org/emergency-preparedness-merit-badge-pamphlet-622851.html Emergency Preparedness merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 622851] (2015 Printing) — ScoutShop.org''
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If you have received a warning that requires you and your family to evacuate your home, you may have little time to throw together a few items or dash to a well-stocked emergency shelter. It woudl be better to have a box or suitcase of emergency supplies and water on hand to meet your family's needs for a few days or, better, for a week. These items come in handy in an emergency even if you do not have to evacuate. Some families keep their supplies in a basement shelter or in a storm cellar, if they have one.
If you have received a warning that requires you and your family to evacuate your home, you may have little time to throw together a few items or dash to a well-stocked emergency shelter. It woudl be better to have a box or suitcase of emergency supplies and water on hand to meet your family's needs for a few days or, better, for a week. These items come in handy in an emergency even if you do not have to evacuate. Some families keep their supplies in a basement shelter or in a storm cellar, if they have one.
:____ '''Water.''' – Minimum of three-day supply of water (1 gallon per person per day) stored in sealed, unbreakable containes such as plastic jugs
:____ '''Water.''' – Minimum of three-day supply of water (1 gallon per person per day) stored in sealed, unbreakable containes such as plastic jugs
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== Major Disaster Preparedness Items ==
== Major Disaster Preparedness Items ==
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:''Based on the Major Disaster Preparedness Items list in the [https://www.scoutshop.org/emergency-preparedness-merit-badge-pamphlet-622851.html Emergency Preparedness merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 622851] (2015 Printing) — Scouting.org
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:''From the [https://www.scoutshop.org/emergency-preparedness-merit-badge-pamphlet-622851.html Emergency Preparedness merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 622851] (2015 Printing) — ScoutShop.org''
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The following items are helpful during an emergency or if you are safe staying in your home and an evacuation has not been ordered.
The following items are helpful during an emergency or if you are safe staying in your home and an evacuation has not been ordered.
:____ List of emergency telephone numbers and out-of-town contact person in case local lines are busy
:____ List of emergency telephone numbers and out-of-town contact person in case local lines are busy
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== Personal Emergency Service Pack ==
== Personal Emergency Service Pack ==
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:''Based on the Personal Emergency Service Pack list in the [https://www.scoutshop.org/emergency-preparedness-merit-badge-pamphlet-622851.html Emergency Preparedness merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 622851] (2015 Printing) — Scouting.org
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:''From the [https://www.scoutshop.org/emergency-preparedness-merit-badge-pamphlet-622851.html Emergency Preparedness merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 622851] (2015 Printing) — ScoutShop.org''
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Be prepared for a mobilization call with a personal emergency service pack. You will be ready for many emergencies if you use the following checklist as you equip your pack.
Be prepared for a mobilization call with a personal emergency service pack. You will be ready for many emergencies if you use the following checklist as you equip your pack.
:____ Poncho or raincoat (with hood or rain hat)
:____ Poncho or raincoat (with hood or rain hat)
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== Emergency Survival Kit ==
== Emergency Survival Kit ==
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:''From the [https://www.scoutshop.org/wilderness-survival-35966.html Wilderness Survival merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 35966] (2015 Printing) — ScoutShop.org
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:''From the [https://www.scoutshop.org/wilderness-survival-35966.html Wilderness Survival merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 35966] (2015 Printing) — ScoutShop.org''
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Every survival kit begins with the [[Essentials_for_the_Outdoors#The_Ten_Essentials|Outdoor Essentials]]. Get into the habit of having them with you on every trip into the backcountry.<br>
Every survival kit begins with the [[Essentials_for_the_Outdoors#The_Ten_Essentials|Outdoor Essentials]]. Get into the habit of having them with you on every trip into the backcountry.<br>
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:____ '''Fishing Line and Hooks.''' &ndash; Fifty feet of nylon fishing line can have many uses for making repairs. Add a few hooks and you will have the gear you need to try fishing in lakes and streams.
:____ '''Fishing Line and Hooks.''' &ndash; Fifty feet of nylon fishing line can have many uses for making repairs. Add a few hooks and you will have the gear you need to try fishing in lakes and streams.
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== Household Emegency Kit ==
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== Ready Pack ==
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{{shortcut|Ready Pack}}
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:''From [https://www.scoutshop.org/search-and-rescue-merit-badge-pamphlet-615013.html Search and Rescue merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 615013](2013 Printing) &mdash; ScoutShop.org''
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{{quote|Search team members are called out on very short notice, so having a pack ready to go, called a ''ready pack'', is important. The kind of clothing and gear a team member must have is dictated by the climate in the area. Most search teams require them to stay in the field for at least 24 hours.}}
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=== Clothing ===
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:____ Sturdy hiking boots
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:____ Sturdy work gloves
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:____ Head cover(s)
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:____ Gloves and/or mittens
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:____ Socks and sock liners (and extras)
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:____ Inner layer of basic underwear* and long underwear* (bottoms and top)
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:____ Middle layer(s) for warmth (pants* and shirt*)
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:____ Outer layer for wind and water protection (bottoms and top with hood)
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(Waterproof/breathable clothing is recommended. Items marked with an asterisk <nowiki>[</nowiki>*<nowiki>]</nowiki> should be made of wool or a warm synthetic fabric. Remember: "Cotton kills.")
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=== Gear ===
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:____ Pack or container to carry/hold the required gear and clothing
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:____ Eye protection (such as sunglasses or goggles)
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:____ Food for 24 hours (should be high in caloric content and able to sustain your energy over a long period of time)
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:____ Water (2 quarts minimum)
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:____ Swiss Army Knife or Leatherman multitool type knife (one that has several blades and other attachments)
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:____ Fire starter
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:____ Compass with 5 degree accuracy
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:____ Map of search area
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:____ Whistle
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:____ Signal mirror
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:____ List of phon numbers including the number for Incident Base
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:____ Two light sources (flashlight and/or headlapm, plus extra batteries and replacement bulbs)
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:____ Personal first-aid kit
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:____ Space blanket
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:____ Pencil or pen and waterproof paper
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:____ 20 feet of 1-inch tubular nylon webbing
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The following items are optional:
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:____ Tools needed for particular functions such as navigation, record keeping, marking, and communication
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:____ Subject find and stabilization supplies, such as basic first-aid equipment and an extra space blanket to keep the subject warm; these can be based on weather and availability of medical services
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:____ Safety equipment, generally including an ANSI Class 2 vest and other equipment required by command team
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== Household Emergency Kit ==
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:''This list was from the Boy Scouts of America Emergency Preparedness Kit web page published at http://www.scouting.org/Media/Publications/EmergencyPreparedness/kit.aspx. That link no longer works. Here is a link to a [https://web.archive.org/web/20140724190706/http://www.scouting.org/scoutsource/media/publications/emergencypreparedness/kit.aspx July 24, 2014 archived copy] of that web page at www.archive.org.
:''This list was from the Boy Scouts of America Emergency Preparedness Kit web page published at http://www.scouting.org/Media/Publications/EmergencyPreparedness/kit.aspx. That link no longer works. Here is a link to a [https://web.archive.org/web/20140724190706/http://www.scouting.org/scoutsource/media/publications/emergencypreparedness/kit.aspx July 24, 2014 archived copy] of that web page at www.archive.org.
What you have on hand when a disaster happens could make a big difference. Plan to store enough supplies for everyone in your household for at least three days.
What you have on hand when a disaster happens could make a big difference. Plan to store enough supplies for everyone in your household for at least three days.
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* Boy Scout [[Wilderness Survival|Wilderness Survival Merit Badge]]
* Boy Scout [[Wilderness Survival|Wilderness Survival Merit Badge]]
* [[Webelos-AoL Elective Adventure: Castaway]]
* [[Webelos-AoL Elective Adventure: Castaway]]
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;Ready Pack
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* Boy Scout [[Search and Rescue|Search and Rescue Merit Badge]]
[[Category:Advice]]
[[Category:Advice]]

Revision as of 00:00, August 18, 2018

The Emergency Preparedness, Wilderness Survival, and Search and Rescue merit badges and the Emergency Preparedness BSA Award include requirements for emergency kits, survival kits, or ready packs. The following information comes from the associated merit badge pamphlets, but you may wish to put other things in your kits according to your needs and circumstances.

Contents


Family Emergency Kit

From the Emergency Preparedness merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 622851 (2015 Printing) — ScoutShop.org

If you have received a warning that requires you and your family to evacuate your home, you may have little time to throw together a few items or dash to a well-stocked emergency shelter. It woudl be better to have a box or suitcase of emergency supplies and water on hand to meet your family's needs for a few days or, better, for a week. These items come in handy in an emergency even if you do not have to evacuate. Some families keep their supplies in a basement shelter or in a storm cellar, if they have one.

____ Water. – Minimum of three-day supply of water (1 gallon per person per day) stored in sealed, unbreakable containes such as plastic jugs
____ Food. – Nonperishable foods (including pet food) and a nonelectric can opener (be sure to check expiration dates)
____ Eating Utensils.
____ Special Foods. – Any special foods or other important items for babies, elderly people, or family members such as extra eyeglassed, prescription medications (if practical), portable devices, and battery chargers
____ Family First-Aid Kit.
____ Radio. – Battery- or crank-powered radio
____ Light. – Flashlight or lantern or chemical light sticks
____ Batteries. – Extra batteries (stored seperately and rotated regularly with fresh ones)
____ Matches. – Matches in waterproof container and fire starting kit
____ Blankets. – Blankets or a sleeping bag for each family member
____ Clothing. – Extra clothing appropriate for the season
____ Masks. – Dust masks for air filtering
____ Soap. – Soap, wipes, or antibacterial gel for hand sanitation
____ Toilet Paper.
____ Toilet. – Emergency toilet, if needed (User a garbage container, bucket, or similar watertight container lined with plastic bags. Tie the bags near the top so as to allow for gas build up. Throw sawdust, cat litter, sand or dirt into the bag after each use to help contain odors and dry the waste.
____ Documents. – Copies of important family documents (such as identification, copies of insurance policies, prescriptions list, and emergency contact list with phone numbers and email addresses) kept in a waterproof container
____ Whistle. – Whistle to signal for help
____ Maps. – Local maps (for navigating to shelters; be sure sure to obtain the local map when you are visiting another area)
____ Money. – Cash and coins
____ Entertainment. – Books, games, and other personal comfort items
____ Sunscreen and Insect Repellent.

Major Disaster Preparedness Items

From the Emergency Preparedness merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 622851 (2015 Printing) — ScoutShop.org

The following items are helpful during an emergency or if you are safe staying in your home and an evacuation has not been ordered.

____ List of emergency telephone numbers and out-of-town contact person in case local lines are busy
____ Fire extinguisher (preferably a multipurpose one)
____ Tool kit (axe, shovel, broom, screwdriver, pliers, hammer, coil of ½-inch rope, coil of baling wire, duct tape, razor blades, adjustable wrench for turning off gas or water)
____ Simple chart showing where shutoff valves are located, including the main electrical switch
____ Portable fire escape ladder for homes or buildings of more than one level
____ Portable stove with appropriate fuel (used outdoors away from garage or carport to avoid the danger of carbon monoxide poisoning
____ Gloves and rags
____ Covered containers (that can be tightly sealed) for storing refuse
____ Garden hose kept near outside faucet at all times

Personal Emergency Service Pack

From the Emergency Preparedness merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 622851 (2015 Printing) — ScoutShop.org

Be prepared for a mobilization call with a personal emergency service pack. You will be ready for many emergencies if you use the following checklist as you equip your pack.

____ Poncho or raincoat (with hood or rain hat)
____ Change of underwear and socks
____ Small bag with toothbrush, toothpaste, soap, comb, needle, thread. shoelaces, and toilet paper
____ Sleeping bag (or bedroll of two wool blankets) and waterproof ground cloth
____ Maps of areas where your troop is likely to serve
____ 50 feet of No. 5 sash cord or similar-size nylon cord
____ Pocket knife and ax and/or a saw
____ Water treatment equipment
____ Cook kit and canteen
____ Flashlight
____ Battery-powered radio
____ Extra batteries (stored separately)
____ Hard hat
____ Other equipment as determined by weather conditions (winter jacket, rubber boots, gloves, etc.)
____ Personal first-aid kit (You can order a personal first-aid kit through your local council service center, or you can make your own. Include gauze bandages and pads, adhesive bandages, soap, antibiotic ointment for burns, and roller bandages.)
____ Matches in a waterproof container
____ Emergency ration (such as energy bar, energy gel, etc; well-wrapped)
____ Pencil and small notebook
____ Bandana
____ Compass and map of the area (or a GPS; be sure you have a set of fresh batteries)
____ Watch (unless you usually wear one)
____ Facial tissues
____ Work gloves
____ Dust masks for filtering
____ Boots, long-sleeved shirt, long pants, and goggles or safety glasses

Emergency Survival Kit

From the Wilderness Survival merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 35966 (2015 Printing) — ScoutShop.org

Every survival kit begins with the Outdoor Essentials. Get into the habit of having them with you on every trip into the backcountry.

Adding some or all of the following items to your emergency kit can come in hand during survival situations.

____ Duct Tape. – Wrap a length of it around a plastic water bottle and you will always have some handy.
____ Whistle. – A whistle can be heard for longer distnances than shouting can and requires less energy.
____ Signal Mirror. – A metal signal mirror can be slipped into your first-aid kit or a side pocket of your pack. Keep it in its case or slip it inside a spare sock to protect it from becoming scratched and dull.
____ Thin Wire. – A few feet of thin wire can come in handy for repairing camping gear.
____ Garbage Bag. – A heavy-duty 30- to 39-gallon plastic bag, preferably in a bright color, can be used for emergency rain gear, to protect tinder and kindling from the rain, and to shield your sleeping bag and other equipment.
____ Fishing Line and Hooks. – Fifty feet of nylon fishing line can have many uses for making repairs. Add a few hooks and you will have the gear you need to try fishing in lakes and streams.


Ready Pack

Shortcut:
Ready Pack
From Search and Rescue merit badge pamphlet, SKU: 615013(2013 Printing) — ScoutShop.org
Search team members are called out on very short notice, so having a pack ready to go, called a ready pack, is important. The kind of clothing and gear a team member must have is dictated by the climate in the area. Most search teams require them to stay in the field for at least 24 hours.

Clothing

____ Sturdy hiking boots
____ Sturdy work gloves
____ Head cover(s)
____ Gloves and/or mittens
____ Socks and sock liners (and extras)
____ Inner layer of basic underwear* and long underwear* (bottoms and top)
____ Middle layer(s) for warmth (pants* and shirt*)
____ Outer layer for wind and water protection (bottoms and top with hood)

(Waterproof/breathable clothing is recommended. Items marked with an asterisk [*] should be made of wool or a warm synthetic fabric. Remember: "Cotton kills.")

Gear

____ Pack or container to carry/hold the required gear and clothing
____ Eye protection (such as sunglasses or goggles)
____ Food for 24 hours (should be high in caloric content and able to sustain your energy over a long period of time)
____ Water (2 quarts minimum)
____ Swiss Army Knife or Leatherman multitool type knife (one that has several blades and other attachments)
____ Fire starter
____ Compass with 5 degree accuracy
____ Map of search area
____ Whistle
____ Signal mirror
____ List of phon numbers including the number for Incident Base
____ Two light sources (flashlight and/or headlapm, plus extra batteries and replacement bulbs)
____ Personal first-aid kit
____ Space blanket
____ Pencil or pen and waterproof paper
____ 20 feet of 1-inch tubular nylon webbing

The following items are optional:

____ Tools needed for particular functions such as navigation, record keeping, marking, and communication
____ Subject find and stabilization supplies, such as basic first-aid equipment and an extra space blanket to keep the subject warm; these can be based on weather and availability of medical services
____ Safety equipment, generally including an ANSI Class 2 vest and other equipment required by command team


Household Emergency Kit

This list was from the Boy Scouts of America Emergency Preparedness Kit web page published at http://www.scouting.org/Media/Publications/EmergencyPreparedness/kit.aspx. That link no longer works. Here is a link to a July 24, 2014 archived copy of that web page at www.archive.org.

What you have on hand when a disaster happens could make a big difference. Plan to store enough supplies for everyone in your household for at least three days.

____ Water. Have at least one gallon per person per day.
____ Food. Pack non-perishable, high-protein items, including energy bars, ready-to-eat soup, peanut butter, etc. Select foods that require no refrigeration, preparation or cooking, and little or no water.
____ Flashlight. Include extra batteries.
____ First Aid Kit Include a reference guide.
____ Medications. Don't forget both prescription and non-prescription items.
____ Battery-operated Weather radio. Include extra batteries.
____ Tools. Gather a wrench to turn off gas if necessary, a manual can opener, screwdriver, hammer, pliers, knife, duct tape, plastic sheeting, and garbage bags and ties.
____ Clothing. Provide a change of clothes for everyone, including sturdy shoes and gloves.
____ Personal Items. Remember eyeglasses or contact lenses and solution; copies of important papers, including identification cards, insurance policies, birth certificates, passports, etc.; and comfort items such as toys and books.
____ Hygiene & Sanitary Items. Small bag with toothbrush, toothpaste, soap, comb, facial tissues, towelettes, needle, thread, shoelaces, toilet paper, bleach
____ Money. Have cash. (ATMs and credit cards won't work if the power is out.)
____ Contact information. Include a current list of family phone numbers and e-mail addresses, including someone out of the area who may be easier to reach by e-mail if local phone lines are overloaded.
____ Pet supplies. Include food, water, leash, litter box or plastic bags, tags, medications, and vaccination information.
____ Map and Compass. Consider marking an evacuation route on it from your local area.

Related Awards

Emergency Preparedness Awards
Emergency Preparedness-related awards

See also

First Aid Links
Camping Checklist
First Aid Kit
Emergency Kit
Survival Kit
Ready Pack
Personal tools
language