Computers

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*'''4.a.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_hardware Computer hardware]
*'''4.a.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_hardware Computer hardware]
*'''4.b.''' [http://schmidt.devlib.org/file-formats/index.html File Formats]
*'''4.b.''' [http://schmidt.devlib.org/file-formats/index.html File Formats]
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*'''4.b.''' [http://www.wotsit.org/default.asp Wotsit.org]
*'''5.b.''' [http://www.hypernews.org/HyperNews/get/computing/lang-list.html A Complete List of Programming Languages]
*'''5.b.''' [http://www.hypernews.org/HyperNews/get/computing/lang-list.html A Complete List of Programming Languages]
*'''5.e.''' [http://computer.howstuffworks.com/internet-infrastructure.htm How Internet Infrastructure Works]
*'''5.e.''' [http://computer.howstuffworks.com/internet-infrastructure.htm How Internet Infrastructure Works]

Revision as of 13:19, March 17, 2008

Computers merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1967
Discontinued: no
BSA Advancement ID:
Requirements revision: 2006
Latest pamphlet revision: 2005

Contents

[[Category:{{{field}}} merit badges]]

Merit badge requirements

1. Discuss with your counselor the tips for online safety.
2. Explain how the invention of the computer has affected society, science, and technology. In your explanation, give a short history of the computer.
3. Do the following:
a. Explain four different uses of computers.
b. Describe three ways you and your family could use a personal computer other than for games and recreation.
4. Explain to your counselor the following:
a. The major parts of a computer system
b. How the types of files used to store text, sound, pictures, and video are stored in a computer's memory
5. Do the following:
a. Explain what a program is and how it is developed.
b. Give three examples of programming languages, and describe their uses.
c. Name four software packages you or your family could use, and explain how you would use them.
d. Discuss ways you can help protect a computer from viruses and how to keep secure information that has been saved on a computer.
e. Describe how computers are linked to form the Internet and the World Wide Web.
6. Do THREE of the following:
a. Use a database manager to create a troop roster that includes the name, rank, patrol, and telephone number of each Scout. Show your counselor that you can sort the register by each of the following categories: rank, patrol, and alphabetically by name.
b. Use a spreadsheet program to develop a food budget for a patrol weekend campout.
c. Use a word processor to write a letter to the parents of your troop's Scouts inviting them to a court of honor. Use the program's mail merge feature to make a personalized copy of the letter for each family.
d. Use a computer graphics program to design and draw a campsite plan for your troop, OR design a flyer for an upcoming troop event.
e. Using a software package of your choice, develop a short presentation about a topic that has been approved by your counselor. For your presentation create at least 10 slides.
f. Using an Internet search engine, find ideas about how to conduct a troop court of honor or campfire program. Print out a copy of the ideas from at least three different Web sites. Share what you found with your counselor, and explain how you used the search engine to find this information.
g. Using a digital camera, take a picture of a troop activity. Transfer the picture file to a computer and use photographic software to make it small enough to send easily as an e-mail attachment. Then, using a computer connected to the Internet (with your parent's permission), send an e-mail to someone you know. In your message, include the photograph as an attachment. Verify that the person received your e-mail and was able to view the attachment.
h. Describe two computer chip-based devices, and explain how they are "smarter" because of the chip and its program.
7. Do ONE of the following:
a. Visit a business or an industrial plant that uses computers. Observe what tasks the computers accomplish, and be prepared to discuss what you have learned.
b. Using a software package of your choice for computer aided design (CAD), create an engineering-style drawing of a simple object. Include the top, bottom, and at least one side view and the dimensions.
c. Use a general purpose programming language to write a simple program application of your choice, subject to approval by your counselor.
d. Design a Web page for your troop, patrol, school, or place of worship. You need not post the page to a Web site. However, if you decide to do so, you will first need to get your parent's permission and your counselor's approval, as well as permission from the host site.
8. For each of the following categories, discuss several related terms: input and output devices, storage media, memory, processors and coprocessors, modems or network cards, networks, World Wide Web and Internet, electronic mail, Wi-Fi.
9. Explain the following to your counselor:
a. Why it is not permissible to accept a free copy of a copyrighted computer game or program from a friend
b. The restrictions and limitations of downloading music from the Internet
c. Why copyright laws exist
10. Pick two career opportunities in the computer field that interest you. Find out what education, training, and experience those positions require. Report what you learn to your counselor.

Source: 2007 Boy Scout Requirements (33215)

Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Computers is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Computers requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks,
Webelos workbooks, and Cub Scout workbooks.

Per the BSA: You should read the merit badge pamphlet on the subject. Merit badge pamplets are available at your local Scout Shop or online at ScoutStuff.org.

Help with these requirements

Free/Open Source Software

Many of the requirements can be satisfied using Free (often called "Freeware") and Open Source software programs. These programs are free to download and use under Free/Open Source software licenses. Such licenses remove many of the restrictions on sharing software imposed by most software licenses.


6 a,b,c,e

  • OpenOffice.org is an open source suite that includes word processing, spreadsheet, presentation and database programs. It is also capable of opening and saving documents in Microsoft format allowing users to work with and save to Word, Excel, Access, and PowerPoint files.
  • Google Docs contains basic spreadsheet, word processor and presentation software. Imports Microsoft Word, Excel and Powerpoint formatted files. Requires only a web browser and a (free) Google account.

6 g

  • Irfanview is free (no cost) to download and use (though not Open Source).
  • Paint.net is a free, open source image editing and photo manipulation software designed to be used on Windows PCs. It supports layers, unlimited undo, special effects, and a wide variety of useful and powerful tools.
  • Picasa is free photo organization and editing tool from Google that can help you make web pages, slide shows and share your photos. A similar application for the Macintosh is iPhoto.
  • For those looking for more advanced photo editing software (or those using Linux) there's The G.I.M.P.. It is a good choice for those who can't use or afford Adobe Photoshop.

7 b

  • Sketchup is a "3D modeling software tool that’s easy to learn, simple to use, and lets you place your models in Google Earth".
  • QCad A free trial copy of QCad is available for downloading. The trial copy does have certain limitations (such as terminating after 10 minutes of use) but should suffice for this requirement and give a scout the chance to try a CAD program. (The Community edition of QCad is open source (with fewer limitations than the Professional trial), but only useful if you know how to compile source code.)

7 d

  • NVU - an open source html editor with WYSIWYG capability for building web pages. Also, Linux users can use Quanta Plus (which is also open source, and similar to NVU.)
  • Notepad++ - A more stable free HTML editor also with WYSIWYG and a spacebar HTML tag entry

9 b

  • DRM Information on music copyright protection.

External links

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