Computers

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{{Otheruses|''This is the '''Boy Scout {{PAGENAME}} Merit Badge'''<br>Cub Scouts and Webelos Scouts can earn the [[Cub Scout Computers]] Belt Loop & Pin''}}{{Info|'''{{PAGENAME}}''' requires [[Merit Badges Requiring Prior Approval|prior counselor approval]] for requirements #6e, #7c, 7d.}}
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{{Merit Badge header|Composite Materials|Cooking||lesson video links}}
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{{DiscontinuedMeritBadge, future| and replaced by the new Digital Technology merit badge sometime in 2014 }}
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{{Otheruses|{{ThisMB}}{{CSASearn|Computers}}}}
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{{MeritBadgePriorApproval|6e, 6f, 6g, and ''possibly'', 7c and 7d}}
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|created= 1967
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|pamphlet revision= 2009
|id = 036
|id = 036
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{{Merit Badge introduction}}
{{Merit Badge introduction}}
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== Notes ==
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== Requirement resources ==
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;Free/Open Source Software
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Many of the requirements can be satisfied using proprietary but free of charge shareware or [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_software Freeware] as well as [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open-source_software Open Source] and [http://www.fsf.org Free Software] programs.<br>
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Many of the requirements can be satisfied using [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_software Free (often called "Freeware")] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open-source_software Open Source] software programs. These programs are free to download and use under [http://www.fsf.org/licensing/licenses/ Free/Open Source software licenses]. Such licenses remove many of the restrictions on sharing software imposed by proprietary software licenses.
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'''1.''' [http://us.mcafee.com/root/identitytheft.asp?id=safe_children How to Keep Children Safe Online] From McAfee Protection<br>
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;1
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'''2.''' [http://computerhistory.org/timeline/ A Timeline of the History of the Computer] - [http://www.computer.org/portal/site/ieeecs/menuitem.c5efb9b8ade9096b8a9ca0108bcd45f3/index.jsp?&pName=ieeecs_level1&path=ieeecs/about/history&file=CShistory.xml&xsl=generic.xsl& A History of the IEEE Computer Society] - [http://fms.komkon.org/comp/ Computer History] - [http://www.computerhistory.org/ Computer History Museum] - [http://vmoc.museophile.com/ The Virtual Museum of Computing] - [http://ftp.arl.mil/ftp/historic-computers/ Historic Computer Images] - [http://www.chac.org/chhistpg.html CHAC History Pages] - [http://inventors.about.com/library/blcoindex.htm The History of Computers] <br>
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* [http://us.mcafee.com/root/identitytheft.asp?id=safe_children How to Keep Children Safe Online] From McAfee Protection
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'''4a.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_hardware Computer hardware] <br>
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'''4b.''' [http://schmidt.devlib.org/file-formats/index.html File Formats] - [http://www.wotsit.org/default.asp Wotsit.org] <br>
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* [http://computerhistory.org/timeline/ A Timeline of the History of the Computer]
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'''4d.''' Sample Computer chip based devices: [http://mistupid.com/tutorials/palm/index.htm Palm OS Devices] <br>
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*[http://www.computer.org/portal/site/ieeecs/menuitem.c5efb9b8ade9096b8a9ca0108bcd45f3/index.jsp?&pName=ieeecs_level1&path=ieeecs/about/history&file=CShistory.xml&xsl=generic.xsl& A History of the IEEE Computer Society]
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'''5b.''' [http://www.hypernews.org/HyperNews/get/computing/lang-list.html A Complete List of Programming Languages] <br>
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*[http://fms.komkon.org/comp/ Computer History]
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'''5e.''' [http://computer.howstuffworks.com/internet-infrastructure.htm How Internet Infrastructure Works] <br>
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*[http://www.computerhistory.org/ Computer History Museum]
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:'''Lesson Videos''': [http://www.expertvillage.com/interviews/using-windows-internet-explorer.htm Internet Explorer]
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*[http://vmoc.museophile.com/ The Virtual Museum of Computing]
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'''6.''' [http://www.openoffice.org/ OpenOffice.org] is a [http://www.openoffice.org/FAQs/faq-licensing.html free] [http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-faq.html (LGPLv3)] office suite that includes word processing, spreadsheet, presentation and database programs. It can open and save to Word, Excel, Access, and PowerPoint files.
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*[http://ftp.arl.mil/ftp/historic-computers/ Historic Computer Images]
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: [http://docs.google.com Google Docs] contains basic spreadsheet, word processor and presentation software. It imports Microsoft Word, Excel and PowerPoint formatted files. Requires only a web browser and a (free) Google account. <br>
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*[http://www.chac.org/chhistpg.html CHAC History Pages]
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'''6a.''' See the sample duty roster table in the [[Media:Camping.pdf|Camping Worksheet]] Req. 4b. <br>
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*[http://inventors.about.com/library/blcoindex.htm The History of Computers]
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'''6b.''' See the sample food list & cost table in the [[Media:Cooking.pdf| Cooking Worksheet]] Req. 3c & 5b. <br>
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;4 a
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: [http://mistupid.com/tutorials/excel/index.htm Microsoft Excel] - Many great tutorials on using Excel.
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* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_hardware Computer hardware]
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:'''Lesson Video''': [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/3913_personal-budget.htm Create a Budget in an Excel Spreadsheet]
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;4 b
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'''6b. Mail Merge Lesson Video''': [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/2083_mail-merge.htm Mail Merge Word and Excel]<br>
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* [http://schmidt.devlib.org/file-formats/index.html File Formats]
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: [http://mistupid.com/tutorials/word/index.htm Microsoft Word] - Great Microsoft Word tutorials.
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* [http://www.wotsit.org/default.asp Wotsit.org]
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: [http://mistupid.com/technical/mailmerge/index.htm Mail Merge in MS Word] - Great mail merge tutorial.
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;5 b
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'''6e.''' [[Court of Honor]] samples and links to a number of other sites.
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* [http://www.hypernews.org/HyperNews/get/computing/lang-list.html A Complete List of Programming Languages]
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: Here are Campfire [[Scout Songs|songs]], [[Scout Skits|skits]], and [[Scout Cheers|cheers]].
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;5 e
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:'''Lesson Videos''': [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/2465_google-search.htm How to Use Google]
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* [http://computer.howstuffworks.com/internet-infrastructure.htm How Internet Infrastructure Works]
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'''6f.''' The [[Citizenship in the Community]] #8 ''public presentation...of your community'' <br>
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;6
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could be given as a [[Communications]] #3 ''five-minute speech'' <br>
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* [http://www.openoffice.org/ OpenOffice.org] is an open source suite that includes word processing, spreadsheet, presentation and database programs. It is also capable of opening and saving documents in Microsoft format allowing users to work with and save to Word, Excel, Access, and PowerPoint files.
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using the techniques from [[Photography]] #4b to ''produce a picture story'' <br>
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* [http://docs.google.com Google Docs] contains basic spreadsheet, word processor and presentation software. Imports Microsoft Word, Excel and Powerpoint formatted files. Requires only a web browser and a (free) Google account.
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and [[Art]] #1 to ''tell a story with...pictures'' <br>
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;6 a
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which could be developed into the [[Computers]] #6e ''short presentation''.<br>
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* See the sample duty roster table in the [[Media:Camping.pdf| Camping Worksheet]] Req. 4b.
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: [http://mistupid.com/tutorials/powerpoint/index.htm Microsoft PowerPoint] - Great Microsoft PowerPoint tutorials.
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;6 b
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:'''Lesson Videos''': [http://www.expertvillage.com/interviews/powerpoint-beginners.htm PowerPoint Presentation Basics] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/interviews/powerpoint-tips.htm PowerPoint Presentation] - [http://www.expertvillage.com/interviews/powerpoint-presentation.htm More PowerPoint]<br>
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* See the sample food list & cost table in the [[Media:Cooking.pdf| Cooking Worksheet]] Req. 3c & 5b.
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{{Public Speaking Links}}
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;6 e
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'''6g.''' [http://www.getpaint.net Paint.net] is a free image editing and photo manipulation program for Windows PCs. It supports layers, unlimited undo, special effects, and a wide variety of powerful tools.
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* 10 slide presentation is similar to: [[Art]] #1, [[Communications]] #3, [[Photography]] #4b.
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:[http://www.irfanview.com Irfanview] is freeware (no cost for noncommercial use) to download and use.
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;6 g
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:[http://picasa.google.com Picasa] is free of charge photo organization and editing tool from Google that can help you make web pages, slide shows and share your photos. A similar application for the Macintosh is [http://www.apple.com/ilife/iphoto/ iPhoto].
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* [http://www.irfanview.com Irfanview] is free (no cost) to download and use (though not Open Source).
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:For those looking for more advanced photo editing software (or those using Linux) there's [http://www.gimp.org The G.I.M.P.]. It is a good choice for those who can't use or afford Adobe Photoshop.
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* [http://www.getpaint.net Paint.net] is a free, open source image editing and photo manipulation software designed to be used on Windows PCs. It supports layers, unlimited undo, special effects, and a wide variety of useful and powerful tools.
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: [http://mistupid.com/technical/outlook/index.htm Microsoft Outlook] great email tutorials.
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* [http://picasa.google.com Picasa] is free photo organization and editing tool from Google that can help you make web pages, slide shows and share your photos. A similar application for the Macintosh is [http://www.apple.com/ilife/iphoto/ iPhoto].
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:'''Lesson Videos''': [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/2196_microsoft-outlook-tips.htm Outlook Email]
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* For those looking for more advanced photo editing software (or those using Linux) there's [http://www.gimp.org The G.I.M.P.]. It is a good choice for those who can't use or afford Adobe Photoshop.
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'''7b.''' [http://sketchup.google.com Sketchup] is a "3D modeling software tool that’s easy to learn, simple to use, and lets you place your models in [http://earth.google.com/ Google Earth]".
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;7 b
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* [http://sketchup.google.com Sketchup] is a "3D modeling software tool that’s easy to learn, simple to use, and lets you place your models in [http://earth.google.com/ Google Earth]".
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'''7d.''' [http://www.nvu.com/ NVU] - free html editor with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wysiwyg WYSIWYG] capability for building web pages. Also, Linux users can use [http://quanta.kdewebdev.org/ Quanta Plus] (which is also open source, and similar to NVU.)
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* [http://www.ribbonsoft.com/qcad.html QCad] A free trial copy of QCad is available for downloading. The trial copy does have certain limitations (such as terminating after 10 minutes of use) but should suffice for this requirement and give a scout the chance to try a [[CAD]] program. (The Community edition of QCad is open source (with fewer limitations than the Professional trial), but only useful if you know how to compile source code.)
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: [http://mistupid.com/tutorials/html/index.htm HTML Programming] - great tutorials.
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;7 d
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: [http://notepad-plus.sourceforge.net/uk/site.htm Notepad++] - A more stable free HTML editor also with WYSIWYG and a spacebar HTML tag entry
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* [http://www.nvu.com/index.php NVU] - an open source html editor with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wysiwyg WYSIWYG] capability for building web pages. Also, Linux users can use [http://quanta.kdewebdev.org/ Quanta Plus] (which is also open source, and similar to NVU.)
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'''8.'''
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* [http://notepad-plus.sourceforge.net/uk/site.htm Notepad++] - A more stable free HTML editor also with WYSIWYG and a spacebar HTML tag entry
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:'''8a.''' See [http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_transcript.html US Constitution,] Article 1, Section 8.8: ''to promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts''
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;8
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:'''8b.''' [http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/106.html Exclusive rights in copyrighted works]
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* [http://www.saugus.net/Computer/Terms/ Glossary of Computer Terms]
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:'''8c.''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_rights_management#Internet_music Digital Rights Management]
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* [http://www.instantweb.com/foldoc/contents.html Online Dictionary of Computing]
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'''9.''' [http://www.khake.com/page17.html Computer Science Career Guide]
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;9 b
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* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_rights_management#Internet_music DRM] Information on music copyright protection.
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;10.
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* [http://www.khake.com/page17.html Computer Science Career Guide]
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== Related awards ==
== Related awards ==
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;6 a
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'''6e.''' The [[Citizenship in the Community]] #8 ''public presentation...of your community'' <br>
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* See the sample duty roster table in the [[Media:Camping.pdf| Camping Worksheet]] Req. 4b.
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could be given as a [[Communications]] #3 ''five-minute speech'' <br>
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;6 b
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using the techniques from [[Photography]] #4b to ''produce a picture story'' <br>
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* See the sample food list & cost table in the [[Media:Cooking.pdf| Cooking Worksheet]] Req. 3c & 5b.
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and [[Art]] #1 to ''tell a story with...pictures'' <br>
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;6 e
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which could be developed into the [[Computers]] #6e ''short presentation''.<br>
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*10 slide presentation is similar to: [[Art]] #1, [[Communications]] #3, [[Photography]] #4b.
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'''7d'''. [[Computers]] #7d "Design a webpage…" is very similar to [[Communications]] #7b "Create a Web page…".<br>
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{{Science Award Links}}
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{{Hobby Awards Links}}
== See also ==
== See also ==
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*[http://computermb.escouting.net Computer Meritbadge Resource for Scouts and Meritbadge Councilor]
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*[http://www.ceap.wcu.edu/houghton/Scouting/computers.html The Computer Merit Badge]
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{{Merit Badge footer}}
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*[http://www.escouting.net Scouting Website & Software Information]
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*[http://www.pbs.org/nerds/ Welcome to Triumph of the Nerds!] - accidental dynasties in computing history
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*[http://www.webcom.com/calc/ Calculating Machines]
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*[http://www.sigchi.org/ ACM's Special Interest Group on Computer-Human Interaction]
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*[http://vl.fmnet.info/logic-prog/ WWW Virtual Library: Logic Programming]
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*[http://vl.fmnet.info/ai/ WWW Virtual Library: Artificial Intelligence]
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*[http://www.adstockweb.com/www-vl/ WWW Virtual Library: Web Design]
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Revision as of 13:40, September 6, 2013

Resources include the Computers merit badge worksheet Adobe Acrobat PDF, links, and cross-references to related badges and awards.  Prev  -  Next  

Computers merit badge will be discontinued and replaced by the new Digital Technology merit badge sometime in 2014 -- see discontinued merit badges.)
This is the Computers merit badge for Boy Scouts, Varsity Scouts, and Venturers.
Cub Scouts and Webelos Scouts can earn the Cub Scout Computers belt loop and pin.
Computers requires prior counselor approval for requirement(s) #6e, 6f, 6g, and possibly, 7c and 7d.


Computers merit badge
Status: Elective
Created: 1967
Discontinued: no
BSA Advancement ID: 036
Requirements revision: 2010
Latest pamphlet revision: 2009

Contents



Computers merit badge requirements

  1. Discuss with your counselor the tips for online safety.
  2. Give a short history of the computer. Explain how the invention of the computer has affected society, science, and technology.
  3. Do the following:
    a. Describe four uses of computers outside the home.
    b. Describe three ways you and your family could use a personal computer other than for games and entertainment.
  4. Explain the following to your counselor:
    a. The five major parts of a computer.
    b. How text, sound, pictures, and video files are stored in a computer's memory.
    c. How file compression works and how compression affects the quality of the file.
    d. Describe two computer chip-based devices, and describe how they are "smarter" because of the chip and its program.
  5. Do the following:
    a. Explain what a program or software application is and how it is developed.
    b. Name three programming languages, and describe their uses.
    c. Name four software packages you or your family could use, and explain how you would use them.
    d. Discuss ways you can help protect a computer from viruses and how to protect the information stored on a computer.
    e. Describe how computers are linked to generate and access the Internet and the World Wide Web.
  6. Do THREE of the following:
    a. Using a spreadsheet program, develop a food budget for a patrol weekend campout.
    b. Using a word processor, write a letter to the parents of your troop's Scouts inviting them to a court of honor.
    c. Using a computer graphics program, design and draw a campsite plan for your troop.
    d. Using a computer graphics program, create a flier for an upcoming troop event, incorporating both text and some type of visual such as a photograph or illustration.
    e. Using an Internet search engine (with your parent's permission), find ideas about how to conduct a troop court of honor or campfire program. Print out a copy of the ideas from at least three different Web sites. Share what you found with your counselor, and explain how you used the search engine to find this information.
    f. Using a presentation software program of your choice, develop a report about a topic that has been approved by your counselor. For your presentation, create at least 10 slides.
    g. Using a digital camera, take a picture of a troop activity. Transfer the picture file to a computer and use photographic software to make it small enough to send easily as an e-mail attachment. Then, using a computer connected to the Internet (with your parent's permission), send an e-mail to someone you know. In your message, include the photograph as an attachment. Verify that the person received your e-mail and was able to view the attachment.
    h. Using a database manager, create a troop roster that includes the name, rank, patrol, and telephone number of each Scout. Show your counselor that you can sort the register by each of the following categories: rank, patrol, and alphabetically by name.
  7. Do ONE of the following:
    a. Using a database program of your choice, create a troop roster that includes the name, rank, patrol, and telephone number of each Scout. Create a form within the database manager to access each Scout's information individually. Show your counselor how the form works.
    b. Using a software package of your choice for computer aided design (CAD), create an engineering-style drawing of a simple object. Include the top, bottom, and at least one side view and the dimensions.
    c. Create a blog and use it as an online journal of your Scouting activities, including group discussions and meetings, campouts, and other events. Your blog should have at least five entries and two photographs or illustrations. You need not post the blog to the Internet, but you will need to share it with your counselor. If you decide to go live with your blog, you must first share it with your parents AND counselor and get their approval.
    d. Create a Web page for your troop, patrol, school, or place of worship. Include at least three articles and two photographs or illustrations. Your Web page should have at least one link to a Web site that would be of interest to your audience. You need not post the page to the Internet. However, if you decide to do so, you must first share it with your parents AND counselor and get their approval.
    e. Visit a business or an industrial plant that uses computers. Observe what tasks the computers accomplish, and be prepared to discuss what you have learned.
  8. Explain the following to your counselor:
    a. Why copyright laws exist
    b. Why it is not permissible to accept a paid, copyrighted computer game or program from a friend unless the game or program is considered freeware or shareware. Explain the concepts of freeware and shareware.
    c. The restrictions and limitations of downloading music from the Internet
  9. Find out about three career opportunities in the computer industry. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you. Report what you learn to your counselor.



The official source for the information shown in this article or section is:
Boy Scout Requirements, 2014 Edition (BSA Supply No. 33216 - SKU# 619576)

The text of these requirements is locked and can only be edited
by an administrator.
Please note any errors found in the above requirements on this article's Talk Page.


Notes

Worksheet A FREE workbook for Computers is available here! Adobe Acrobat PDF
with the maps, charts, links, diagrams, and checklists you need!
Or click here to print just the Computers requirements.
meritbadge.org has PDF and DOC versions of
Boy Scout merit badge workbooks,
Webelos workbooks, and Cub Scout workbooks.

Requirement resources

Many of the requirements can be satisfied using proprietary but free of charge shareware or Freeware as well as Open Source and Free Software programs.
1. How to Keep Children Safe Online From McAfee Protection
2. A Timeline of the History of the Computer - A History of the IEEE Computer Society - Computer History - Computer History Museum - The Virtual Museum of Computing - Historic Computer Images - CHAC History Pages - The History of Computers
4a. Computer hardware
4b. File Formats - Wotsit.org
4d. Sample Computer chip based devices: Palm OS Devices
5b. A Complete List of Programming Languages
5e. How Internet Infrastructure Works

Lesson Videos: Internet Explorer

6. OpenOffice.org is a free (LGPLv3) office suite that includes word processing, spreadsheet, presentation and database programs. It can open and save to Word, Excel, Access, and PowerPoint files.

Google Docs contains basic spreadsheet, word processor and presentation software. It imports Microsoft Word, Excel and PowerPoint formatted files. Requires only a web browser and a (free) Google account.

6a. See the sample duty roster table in the Camping Worksheet Req. 4b.
6b. See the sample food list & cost table in the Cooking Worksheet Req. 3c & 5b.

Microsoft Excel - Many great tutorials on using Excel.
Lesson Video: Create a Budget in an Excel Spreadsheet

6b. Mail Merge Lesson Video: Mail Merge Word and Excel

Microsoft Word - Great Microsoft Word tutorials.
Mail Merge in MS Word - Great mail merge tutorial.

6e. Court of Honor samples and links to a number of other sites.

Here are Campfire songs, skits, and cheers.
Lesson Videos: How to Use Google

6f. The Citizenship in the Community #8 public presentation...of your community
could be given as a Communications #3 five-minute speech
using the techniques from Photography #4b to produce a picture story
and Art #1 to tell a story with...pictures
which could be developed into the Computers #6e short presentation.

Microsoft PowerPoint - Great Microsoft PowerPoint tutorials.
Lesson Videos: PowerPoint Presentation Basics - PowerPoint Presentation - More PowerPoint

6g. Paint.net is a free image editing and photo manipulation program for Windows PCs. It supports layers, unlimited undo, special effects, and a wide variety of powerful tools.

Irfanview is freeware (no cost for noncommercial use) to download and use.
Picasa is free of charge photo organization and editing tool from Google that can help you make web pages, slide shows and share your photos. A similar application for the Macintosh is iPhoto.
For those looking for more advanced photo editing software (or those using Linux) there's The G.I.M.P.. It is a good choice for those who can't use or afford Adobe Photoshop.
Microsoft Outlook great email tutorials.
Lesson Videos: Outlook Email

7b. Sketchup is a "3D modeling software tool that’s easy to learn, simple to use, and lets you place your models in Google Earth".

7d. NVU - free html editor with WYSIWYG capability for building web pages. Also, Linux users can use Quanta Plus (which is also open source, and similar to NVU.)

HTML Programming - great tutorials.
Notepad++ - A more stable free HTML editor also with WYSIWYG and a spacebar HTML tag entry

8.

8a. See US Constitution, Article 1, Section 8.8: to promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts
8b. Exclusive rights in copyrighted works
8c. Digital Rights Management

9. Computer Science Career Guide

Related awards

6e. The Citizenship in the Community #8 public presentation...of your community
could be given as a Communications #3 five-minute speech
using the techniques from Photography #4b to produce a picture story
and Art #1 to tell a story with...pictures
which could be developed into the Computers #6e short presentation.
7d. Computers #7d "Design a webpage…" is very similar to Communications #7b "Create a Web page…".

Science-related awards
Hobby-related awards

See also

Boy Scout portal
Varsity Scout portal
Venturing portal
General Merit Badge information

External links

Personal tools
language